In the ever-evolving world of social media, individuals have found new avenues to express their creativity, share their passions, and build thriving businesses. This paradigm shift has introduced new lucrative income streams available to a breed of professionals known as “influencers”. These may include Twitch or YouTube streamers earning advertisement revenue, performers receiving subscriptions, gifts, and donations, as well as Instagram or TikTok content creators receiving funding through commissions, sponsorships, brand partnerships, and perks. However, with this newfound success comes the responsibility of understanding the tax consequences associated with earning income through social media platforms. Influencers are obligated to diligently report their earnings to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) and fulfill their tax obligations.

With this new form of income comes a complex web of tax implications in this guide we aim to shed light on these tax considerations, helping influencers navigate the often confusing landscape of Canadian taxation in the digital economy.

Stay tuned as we delve into the world of likes, shares, and tax brackets. Whether you’re a seasoned influencer or just starting, this guide is designed to help you understand your tax obligations and plan accordingly.

How Do Social Media Influencers Generate Income?

By leveraging their insider knowledge or expertise social media influencers can earn income from their online activities in several ways. Influencers earn income through a variety of means namely:

What Are the Income Tax Implications for Social Media Influencers In Canada?

If you are a Canadian resident engaging in influencer activities, you must report all such income (monetary and non-monetary) earned inside and outside of Canada.

Unless you earn income from your social media activities through a corporation, you are considered self-employed for tax purposes and need to file a Form T2125, Statement of Business or Professional Activities, to report your self-employment income on your annual personal income tax return Line 26000. As a self-employed individual, you also need to remit both the employer and employee portions of Canada Pension Plan (CPP) contributions.

Influencers who are not resident in Canada are subject to Canadian income tax on most Canadian-sourced income paid or credited to them during the year unless all or part of that income is exempt under a tax treaty.

If a gift is non-monetary, such as a first-class airline ticket to Aruba, the social influencers are required to declare the fair market value (FMV) of the ticket as other income on their Form T2125. Non-monetary gifts, also known as gifts-in-kind or in-kind contributions, are exchanges or donations of goods or services rather than cash. They can include a wide range of items such as real estate, stocks and bonds, personal items like furniture, clothing, electronic goods, intellectual property, and more.

In some cases, the social influencer may not be an individual, but a corporation. A corporation is a legal entity that is separate from its shareholders and directors. A corporation can also create and publish online content on social media platforms and earn income from various sources, such as advertising, sponsorships, partnerships, etc. However, the tax implications for a corporate influencer are different from those of an individual influencer. A corporate influencer must file a Corporate Income Tax Return (T2) and pay tax on its taxable income at the applicable corporate tax rate. The corporate tax rate depends on several factors, such as the type of corporation, the province or territory where it operates, and the amount of income it earns.

Can social media influencers claim expenses?

You may be able to deduct eligible business expenses to offset the income you earned from social media activities and reduce your taxes. To be deductible, such expenses must have been incurred to earn income from your social media activities. You may not deduct personal expenses or expenses that are not reasonable in the circumstances. As with any self-employment income, social influencers can deduct a variety of expenses from their income as long as the expenses are reasonable. Some of these expenses are:

Assuming that you are self-employed, you would report any deductible expenses on Form T2125. You must be able to provide proof in support of any expenses that you claim, should the CRA request it.

If you qualify as a corporation, you have the opportunity to deduct reasonable and directly related business expenses from your earnings, thereby significantly reducing your taxable income. Eligible expenses include, but are not limited to:

As with any other business, if you are claiming expenses in your tax returns, you are required to maintain receipts for at least six years in the event of an audit by the CRA.

Are There GST/HST Implications for Social Media Influencers?

There are also GST/HST implications for social media influencers. If the income derived from their taxable source exceeds $30,000 over consecutive calendar quarters you will need to register for, collect, and pay the goods and services tax (GST)/harmonized sales tax (HST) on all taxable sales from your online activities.  Taxable supplies can include supplies of property and/or services made in the course of commercial activities and are subject to the GST/HST. Even if you do not exceed this threshold, you may still choose to register voluntarily as a small supplier. If the social influencer has already registered for GST/HST, he/she may be eligible to claim Input Tax Credits (ITC) for the GST/HST paid on purchases and expenses related to their commercial activities. However, a claim for an input tax credit can only be made when GST/HST is payable on business activities. Simply put, if you have no income, you cannot claim an input tax credit (ITC).

What Steps Should Be Taken When Income Hasn’t Been Reported To CRA?

Failure to report taxable income from social media activities can result in the assessment of penalties and interest. You may be able to reduce or avoid punitive action if you voluntarily come forward to the CRA to report any income you may have inadvertently omitted from your previous tax return(s).

According to the CRA, to be valid, an application under the Voluntary Disclosure Program must be complete, be voluntary, involve the application or potential application of a penalty, include information that is at least one year past due, and include payment of the estimated taxes owed.

If you don’t qualify for the Voluntary Disclosure Program, it is also possible to request a change or an adjustment to a prior year’s tax return. In such cases, you may be assessed applicable penalties and/or interest.

Getting Early Help from A Tax Accountant Is A Good Idea

As you continue your efforts to grow your brand, remember that not everyone who follows you is there to simply like or comment on your content. The CRA is also online, keeping a close eye on social media influencers to ensure they comply with income tax obligations from their activities online.

By accurately reporting income, claiming eligible expenses, and adhering to GST/HST requirements, influencers can ensure compliance with CRA regulations while optimizing their tax position. Given the complexity of Canadian tax laws and individual circumstances, with the right support and guidance from our tax accountants in Toronto influencers can confidently manage their tax affairs and focus on what they do best: creating engaging content and building their online presence.

Not all accounting firms and accountants understand enough about social media influencers to be a big help. So, if you are a social media influencer – or streamer or podcaster – and are starting to make money from your efforts, it is the best time to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances and ensure you comply with CRA reporting and payroll deductions.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

Tax is one of those things that can keep you up at night. This difficulty could stem from a variety of different reasons – perhaps the business wasn’t profitable enough the year before, or maybe your business is still feeling the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

In most cases, you already know when you file your tax return that you are going to owe the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA).  Or maybe, you already have a balance owing, and you are going to be adding more money to that balance, or possibly you have no idea whatsoever why it is that your Notice of Assessment (NOA) has a balance owing on it that you cannot afford to pay in full.

If that scenario arises, there are some key steps you should follow to prevent the CRA from taking immediate legal action. I apprehend that you are looking for a magical answer to make it disappear – unfortunately, there isn’t one, but that doesn’t mean it cannot be reduced or handled. Cooperation with CRA is essential and strongly recommended to make your life easier in the long run. They are always likely to listen to businesses that are struggling and are more likely to agree to a compromise if you have been upfront with them.

If you can’t pay your taxes the CRA may withhold tax credits as a means of recovering the outstanding tax debt. This can mean forgoing GST/HST tax credits, the climate action incentive payment, and other tax credits until the CRA has recovered the amount owed.

Realizing that you can't afford your tax bill can be shocking and incredibly stressful to think about. The good news is that enough people have been in your shoes to create a bit of a playbook.

Step 1: File Your Taxes Even if You Can't Pay Them

Even if you can’t pay all or part of what you owe to the CRA, you must file your tax return on time. Not filing is penalized harshly:

Step 2: Be Prepared to Prove Your Inability to Pay in Full

The second key to avoiding immediate legal action when you are unable to pay your tax bill in full is to be prepared to prove to the CRA that you are unable to make payment in full.

The CRA has access to a review of your tax file and determines whether they feel you are able to make payment in full or whether they will allow you to make incremental payments on a schedule – a payment plan.

The CRA will ask you for information relating to your income and expenses and use this information to determine your “Ability to Pay”.  Having timely and accurate information available can make the difference between a repayment arrangement and a garnishment or freeze on your bank account.

Once you can prove your inability to pay your tax bill in full, you should continue to keep communication lines open with the CRA. It is important to keep them informed of any changes in your income or expenses rather than waiting for them to find out first.

Step 3: Start the negotiation with the CRA. 

For any reason, if your finances present you with a tax bill that is too large to pay in full begin communicating with the Canada Revenue Agency instantly. The CRA likes to know that you are aware of the balance owed and that you have a plan in place to deal with it.  Even if you do not have a plan, this is the best time to ask the CRA for any possible options you can avail of. Request the  CRA to work out a payment plan. If you're unable to pay in full right away, the CRA will allow you to pay your debt in installments instead of all at once in a lump sum. You can set up a repayment plan either online or over the phone.

Keep in mind, that everything that you say will be added as a note in the permanent diary that the CRA has on you in their systems, so if you’re very rude off the get-go, then you can expect in any future dealings that your attitude might be brought up.

Step 4: Financially Recalibrate Yourself – Look for Other Sources of Income to Pay Off Tax Debt

Add up your assets, income, and liabilities to get a better idea of your current financial responsibilities. What, if anything, can you de-prioritize to free up money to pay your taxes?

If you haven’t already, consider creating an emergency fund for unexpected expenses like a tax bill. While you’re at it, ask yourself what else you might need to add or remove from your budget. Have any of your financial goals changed in recent years?

Step 5: Sticking to Your Payment Arrangement

Once you have reached a re-payment arrangement with the CRA for your balance owing, you must remain current on your tax obligations as they come due, or the payment arrangement is canceled.

That means, if you make a promise to pay an amount every month but forget that you need to make an installment payment, payroll remittance, or GST/HST payment, then you must notify the CRA of that error, and seek to adjust the arrangement.  Failing to do so, and missing a payment to keep up with the terms of the re-payment arrangement is a giant no-no.

If, after starting your repayment plan, your circumstances change and you can no longer afford the plan, you MUST contact the CRA to come up with a solution. It is important to communicate with the CRA if you are unable to make a scheduled payment due to circumstances beyond your control. If you don't the CRA will proceed with legal actions to collect the outstanding funds you owe. Proactive and upfront communication with the CRA sets the tone for the discussions that will follow with the CRA representatives or with your assigned collections officer.  Showing initiative and telling the truth almost guarantees an open dialogue and should something go awry during the period in which you are in collections, your good-faith bargaining should help quite a lot. Failure to do so can void the arrangement and will result in immediate legal actions being taken by the CRA.

Paying off one debt, while starting another is not allowed.

It All Starts with the Right Steps and Speaking to The Right Tax Professionals

Are you worried that you won't be able to pay the corporation taxes? Filing Taxes can take you through your finances, outline your debt relief options, and help you get your tax debt in order. Our experts can advise on how best to deal with this cut-throat tax situation. Feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances and ensure you comply with CRA reporting and payroll deductions.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

Navigating the complex world of taxation in Canada can be challenging, especially when dealing with residency status and its implications on your tax obligations.

If you’re a resident, you have to declare your worldwide income and pay taxes on it. If you’re a non-resident, you’re taxed only on your Canadian-sourced income. Therefore, it is essential to determine your official residency status according to the rules of the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA), so you can file your taxes the right way without over- or underpaying.

Determining your residency status isn’t always straightforward since you could be considering many factors. In this article, we will discuss the difference between factual and deemed residence and how it affects cross-border taxes. We will explain what a deemed and factual residency in Canada is, the circumstances that may lead to a particular status, and the tax implications associated with it.

Basic Set of Rules to Determine Residency Status

First up, let’s talk about being a resident. This means you “live in Canada” for tax purposes, whether or not you actually sleep in a bed on Canadian soil and have to file and pay income tax as a resident of Canada. CRA determines resident status case-by-case, but some common factors may give you a clue about your residency status for tax purposes.

 It would help if you considered the following question to determine it:

The combination of these and some other factors is thoroughly reviewed. The factors that signify your closest ties determine the country of your residence.

What is a Factual or Deemed Non-Resident of Canada?

Factual or deemed non-residents, from the CRA’s point of view, are people who have some kind of tie to Canada but are considered non-residents for tax purposes. Factual or deemed residents are both categories of residents; the difference is how taxes are filed for each.

For instance, you might have a Canadian passport, but you’ve been living and working in another country for years and don’t have any significant residential ties to Canada anymore. Or, you might have some residential ties, but because of a tax treaty with another country, the CRA considers you a resident of that country—and a deemed non-resident of Canada.

Factual Resident of Canada and Tax Implications

As a factual resident, you’re taxed as if you’ve never left the country, even if you spend time living or working abroad.

When you file your taxes, you:

One factor that matters is what the CRA calls “significant residential ties.” If any of these apply to you, you might be a factual resident.

Deemed Resident of Canada and Tax Implications

Deemed residents are people who aren’t factual residents of Canada, but still have enough ties to Canada that the CRA decides to make things official.

There are two categories of deemed residents:

  1. Canadians working abroad in an official role, such as for the Canadian Forces or as a government employee, as well as their family members.

  1. People who aren’t factual residents but spent 183 or more days of the year in Canada (unless they’re deemed a non-resident because of a tax treaty)

If you’re a deemed resident of Canada, you file your taxes with the 5013-G Income Tax and Benefit Guide for Non-Residents and Deemed Residents of Canada. That means a few things:

Are international students factual or deemed residents of Canada?

International students in Canada have to follow the same rules as everyone else. You are a resident of Canada if you have significant residential ties, or if you spend 183 or more days a year in the country. Depending on your situation, you could be a deemed resident or a factual resident.

Cross Border Taxes

Many individuals residing on either side of the border may be employed and are performing duties in other countries. Filing cross-border taxes can be a chore,  these are complicated matters and it would be best if you contact an accounting firm that has experience in cross-border taxes so they can take care of it all and leave you free to take care of your business.

The team of tax expert accountants at Filing Taxes is dedicated to providing the CRA with accurate and transparent corporation nil tax returns for your company - for as many years as you need. We work with you throughout the year, not just during tax season, to fully leverage our expertise to benefit your business and help you grow. Feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances and ensure you comply with CRA reporting and payroll deductions.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

If you own a company in Canada, you are required to file a T2 corporate income tax return each year. Depending on your industry, structure, and income, your corporate income tax return T2 will vary from any other company.

Some companies, such as startups and new SMEs, may operate for years before reaching a profitable threshold. Other enterprises are incorporated legally but then do not start business operations until years later. It is more common than you may think for a corporation in Canada to have zero income.

But what if you had no income for this year? Are you still required to file zero or no returns with the CRA?

Nevertheless, the CRA (Canada Revenue Agency) still expects a corporation with zero income to file a tax return. This does not need to be a full T2 return – the CRA T2 short form exists for corporations looking to file a nil return.

For Canadian business owners with no activity, filing a nil corporate tax return can still be a concern. This blog offers guidance on navigating this process, ensuring compliance, and easing worries. Whether a sole proprietor, partnership, or corporation, we break down the steps needed to file correctly, providing confidence and peace of mind.

Understanding Nil Corporate Tax ReturnWhat is a Nil Return?

When it comes to filing a corporate tax return in Canada, the process may seem overwhelming, especially if your company had zero activity during the tax year. However, fret not! Filing a nil corporate tax return is a straightforward process that can be handled hassle-free. Let’s dive in and understand the ins and outs of filing a nil corporate tax return.

NIL Return filing is a way of communicating to the income tax department that the taxpayer does not fall under the purview of income tax.

A zero-tax return, also known as a nil-tax return, refers to a corporate tax return that shows no income during the tax year. Usually, this is because a company is inactive or is operating at a loss during the tax year for any number of reasons.

It essentially declares that the corporation did not generate any revenue, incur expenses, or make any taxable transactions during that period. It’s crucial for small business owners in Canada to grasp the concept’s significance. The process involves determining the tax year, gathering necessary paperwork, completing Form T2 Short Return, reporting zero income, and reviewing the submission. Maintaining precise financial records, keeping abreast of tax laws, contemplating professional assistance, and employing tax software can streamline the filing procedure.

Who Has to File a Nil-Tax Return for The Company?

The resident Canadian companies must file a corporate income tax return for each year it has no income or loss.

Non-resident Canadian companies must file a zero-tax return if any of the below situations apply and the non-resident corporation has a loss or zero income.

Are You Eligible to Use the CRA T2 Short Form?

The CRA T2 short form was created to simplify corporate tax return filing for eligible firms that do not need to provide large amounts of financial detail to the CRA. Not all corporations are eligible to use the T2 short form, even if they have a zero-income tax return in Canada.

For a corporation to use a short form, it must either be A Canadian-controlled private corporation (CCPC) throughout the tax year and this year operating at a nil net income or loss for income tax purposes. A corporation exempt from tax under section 149 (such as a non-profit organization).

In addition, the corporation must meet all of the following conditions to use the T2 short:

If your company meets this criterion, you can use the T2 short to file your nil tax return.

Steps to Filing a Nil Corporate Tax Return

Filing a nil corporate tax return in Canada when your business has had no activity can be a straightforward process. By following these simple steps, you can handle it hassle-free:

1. Ensure your fiscal period aligns with the tax year

It’s important to have your fiscal period aligned with the tax year set by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). The tax year in Canada runs from January 1st to December 31st. Make sure your fiscal period matches this timeframe to effectively report your business’s financial information. If you’re unsure about your fiscal period or need assistance in aligning it with the tax year, contacting an accounting firm or a tax service can provide the guidance you need.

2. Gather the necessary documents

Prepare the necessary documents for filing your nil corporate tax return. This typically includes your corporation’s financial statement, which outlines your company’s income, expenses, and overall financial health. Ensure you have all the necessary receipts, invoices, and financial records to support the information you’ll be reporting on the tax return. Having your previous year’s tax return handy can also help provide context and continuity in your financial reporting.

3. Complete the T2 Short Return form

When filing a nil corporate tax return in Canada, you use the T2 Short Return form. This form is specifically designed for small businesses and corporations with no activity or income to report. It’s a simplified version of the standard T2 form and requires less information to be filled out. The T2 Short Return form lets the CRA know that your business has no taxable income for the year. You can find this form on the CRA website or by contacting the CRA directly.

4. Submit your tax return

Once you have completed the T2 Short Return form and ensured all the necessary information is included, it’s time to submit your tax return to the CRA. The tax return should be signed by an authorized signing officer of the corporation, typically the business owner or a designated individual. Make sure to review all the information provided for accuracy and completeness before submitting. You can submit the tax return electronically through the CRA’s online portal or by mailing it to the designated tax center.

Tips for a Hassle-Free Nil Corporate Tax Return

Filing a nil corporate tax return in Canada can be a straightforward, seamless, and stress-free process, even if your business had no activity during the tax year. Here are some helpful tips to ensure a hassle-free experience:

1. Understand the requirements

Familiarize yourself with the guidelines and regulations set by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) for filing a nil corporate tax return. This will help you stay on top of any changes or updates that may affect your filing.

Ensure that you have all the necessary documents and information at hand before beginning the process. This includes your corporation’s financial statement, the previous year’s tax return, and any other required documents specific to your business.

2. Choose the right form

For a nil corporate tax return, you will need to use Form T2 Short Return. This is the most straightforward way to report a nil income for your business.

The T2 Short Return form is designed for corporations with no significant business expenses or deductions to claim. It requires minimum information and reduces the administrative burden for small businesses.

3. Seek professional assistance if needed

While filing a nil corporate tax return can be relatively simple, it is always a good idea to seek the advice of a qualified accounting firm or tax service provider. They can guide you through the process, ensure accurate completion of forms, and help you avoid any potential pitfalls.

Hiring an accounting firm or utilizing an accounting package can save you time and effort, providing peace of mind that your return is handled correctly.

4. Be aware of deadlines

Even if you have no corporate income to report, it is crucial to file your nil corporate tax return on time to avoid penalties or late filing fees.

The filing deadline for a nil corporate tax return is six months after the end of your tax year. Make sure to mark this date in your calendar and submit your return well in advance to avoid any last-minute complications.

5. Maintain records

As a small business owner, it is essential to maintain organized records of your financial transactions, even if your business had no activity during the tax year.

Make sure to keep track of any potential expenses, such as income earned or charitable donations made, as they may have an impact in future tax years.

Maintaining accurate and up-to-date records will not only simplify your tax return process but also provide a comprehensive overview of your financial position.


What is the Deadline to Submit a Nil Return to the CRA?

The deadline to submit a nil return to the CRA for your corporation is within six months of the end of each tax year. Your corporation’s tax year is its fiscal period.

If the corporation's tax year ends on the last day of a month, the return is due by the last day of the sixth month after the end of the tax year.

If the corporation’s tax year does not end on the last day of the month, file the return by the same day of the sixth month after the end of the tax year.

A tax year ending March 31st will have a return deadline of September 30th. A tax year ending September 15th will have a return deadline of March 15.


The Significance of Filing a Nil Corporate Tax Return in Canada

Remember, even if your business hasn’t been active, filing a nil return is essential to stay on the right side of the tax authorities. When it comes to filing your corporate tax return, you might wonder why you need to bother if your business had zero activity during the tax year. Well, let us shed some light on the importance of filing a nil corporate tax return, even when there is no income or taxable activity to report.

1. Compliance with Tax Regulations

Filing a nil corporate tax return ensures that you remain in compliance with the tax regulations set forth by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). Regardless of whether your business had any income or expenses during the tax year, the CRA requires that all corporations, including those with no activity, still file a corporate tax return.

By fulfilling this requirement, you demonstrate your commitment to operating your business within the legal framework and maintain a good standing with the authorities.

2. Record-Keeping and Transparency

Filing a nil corporate tax return allows you to maintain accurate records and establish a transparent financial trail. Even if your business didn’t generate any income, the tax return documents serve as proof that you have accounted for the fiscal period in question.

These records can be important in the future, especially if you plan to apply for loans, or grants, or expand your business operations. Having a track record of filing tax returns, even when there is no taxable income, reflects positively on your business’s financial credibility.

3. Utilizing Business Losses

Filing a nil corporate tax return also provides an opportunity to carry forward any business losses. If your business has incurred expenses during the tax year that exceeded its income, these losses can be carried forward and applied against future taxable income.

In such cases, even though you may not be eligible for a refund due to zero income, filing a nil corporate tax return allows you to preserve those losses and potentially reduce future tax burdens when your business becomes profitable.

4. Establishing a Professional Goodwill

Filing a nil corporate tax return demonstrates professionalism and competence. It signifies that you take your business and financial responsibilities seriously, regardless of its current activity level. This can be particularly important when dealing with banks, potential investors, or partners who may request financial statements or tax returns as part of their due diligence process.

Why Is It Advisable to Hire a Professional Accountant to File Your Corporation Nil Tax Return

By following the straightforward steps outlined in this blog, you can breeze through the process and enjoy peace of mind. Even when filing a nil tax return, a corporation can still have many obligations with the CRA and need to fill out the correct forms. Without professional corporate nil tax return preparation and filing, you open your business up to the consequences of missed deadlines, hefty fines, and interest payments.

The team of tax expert accountants at Filing Taxes is dedicated to providing the CRA with accurate and transparent corporation nil tax returns for your company - for as many years as you need. We work with you throughout the year, not just during tax season, to fully leverage our expertise to benefit your business and help you grow. Feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances and ensure you comply with CRA reporting and payroll deductions.

Frequently asked questions

Is there a penalty for not filing a nil tax return in Canada?

On a nil tax return, there would be no tax payable and therefore no direct penalties levied on your corporation for missing the deadline. However, this late filing even on a nil tax return can have unintended consequences and flag your business record within the CRA in the future. It is always advised to file a nil tax return by the deadline.

 What are the benefits of filing a nil corporate tax return in Canada?

Filing a nil corporate tax return has several benefits. Firstly, it keeps the CRA informed about the status of your business, which can help prevent any unnecessary penalties or audits. Additionally, it allows you to maintain a clean and up-to-date tax record for your business, which can be helpful if you plan to expand or seek financing in the future.

How long do I have to file a nil tax return?

You have until six months after the end of your corporation’s tax year to file a nil tax return with the CRA.

Should I write CRA T2 schedule 100 and 125 in my T2 short?

Schedule 100 and Schedule 125 are required for the T2 brief filing, along with Schedule 145. Schedule 100, Information on the Financial Statements, shows the company’s financial position at the end of the fiscal year. Schedule 125, Income statement information, showing the company’s income and expenses for the year (reported as “no income” and “no expense” for zero income).

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

The rapidly expanding gig economy in Canada provides countless opportunities to work from the comfort of your home and perform other “gig jobs.” Independent contractors, freelancers, and gig workers are reshaping the traditional employment landscape, offering their skills and services on a project basis. Many Canadians are capitalizing on a boom in freelance positions and side hustle gigs to earn some extra income while enjoying the flexibility to set their own work guidelines and standards. However, among the many exciting learning curves of becoming an independent contractor, there’s one aspect that nearly everyone dreads—taxes.

Do Canadian Gig Workers Have to Pay Taxes?

Many Canadians who rely on the gig economy for extra income or do gig jobs as their main source of income mistakenly believe that they do not have to pay taxes. However, a gig worker’s income is not tax-free. Regardless of the amount earned from your side hustle, you are required to report it to the CRA when tax season comes around. Failure to report income can be considered tax evasion and may result in serious penalties. In Canada, the tax filing deadline for self-employed people is June 15. If you have any questions about the gig economy and Canadian taxes, you can direct them to a knowledgeable tax accountant in Toronto.

What Are a Gig Worker’s Tax Obligations in Canada?

Whether you call yourself an influencer, freelancer, content creator, gig worker, free agent, or independent contractor, in the eyes of the Canada Revenue Agency ("CRA"), you are self-employed. Regardless of how many years you have been in business, you are required to use the self-employment form (Form T2125, Statement of Business, or Professional Activities) when filing your personal taxes. At this point, you must declare all the income you invoiced for during the tax year and list any write-offs or deductibles you wish to claim.

One thing to know about tax obligations for gig workers is that there are strict requirements for keeping extensive records about the services performed and the income earned. Since these gig platforms do not withhold taxes from a freelancer’s payments, it is a freelancer’s responsibility to pay taxes to the CRA.

Can Gig Workers Deduct Business Expenses?

Freelancers and independent contractors may also be eligible to deduct certain business expenses related to their income earned from gig work. However, to deduct expenses related to self-employment, workers in Canada must keep proper records of:

Maintaining proper and detailed records related to their gig work can help a taxpayer deduct eligible expenses. Tax deductions for gig workers can be complicated, which is why many freelancers choose to seek tax advice from an experienced tax accountant.

GST/HST and Taxes for Gig Workers

You might be wondering if you should register your business to collect the federal goods and services tax (GST) and in some provinces, the harmonized federal-provincial tax (HST).

Once your gig starts earning over $30,000, you’ll need to register for a GST/HST number and begin charging your clients GST/HST. The HST amount varies depending on your home province/territory, and like your income tax payments, you may be asked to submit quarterly installments if you make above a certain amount. When registered for HST, you can claim Input Tax Credits (ITCs) for the HST you paid on business-related expenses. This reduces the amount of HST you remit and helps manage your overall tax liability.

It's important to note that non-residents of Canada are also beholden to HST obligations when working in Canada.

CPP and EI Contributions

Calculate and Contribute to CPP:

As a self-employed individual in Canada, you are responsible for both the employer and employee portions of CPP contributions. Be diligent in calculating and remitting these contributions, as they contribute to your future retirement benefits.

EI Considerations:

While independent contractors are not required to contribute to EI, it’s crucial to plan for potential income gaps during periods without gigs. Explore alternative income protection options, such as private insurance or creating a personal emergency fund.

What are the Penalties for Late Payments?

If a tax deadline is missed, you will pay interest on the amount you owe every month. This can add up over time, which is why we suggest that gig workers take a critical look at payment deadlines and work around the year to ensure the right amount is saved when those timelines approach.

What Happens if a Gig Worker Does Not Pay Taxes?

While it is not likely that the CRA will come after an individual who earns an insignificant amount of money from gig work, there is always a risk of being accused of tax evasion. That is why it is vital to understand how gig workers are taxed in Canada and what steps to take to file taxes accurately and on time.

Why is it Important to Put Money Aside?

To avoid financial strain during tax season, set aside a portion of your income for taxes. Having a dedicated tax savings account ensures you have the funds available when it’s time to remit quarterly payments or settle your annual tax bill. As an independent contractor, the money you receive from clients might look good in your account, but it's not entirely yours. This can be a tricky mindset to adopt, especially for new freelancers who are used to having their taxes subtracted from their cheques automatically by an employer. Nevertheless, putting aside a portion of the money you receive into a separate banking account or investment is a critical habit to adopt.

 Should You Incorporate Your Business? 

There are various factors to consider before incorporating your business. In addition to compliance costs relating to incorporating, the structure of the business needs to be aligned with your personal circumstances. An experienced accountant in Toronto can help guide you through the crucial decisions leading to a more successful business - and help you determine whether incorporating is the right step.

Do Not Let Your Taxes Deter You from Pursuing Your Passion

Thriving in Canada’s gig economy as an independent contractor comes with its set of challenges, but with strategic tax planning, you can optimize your financial position. By understanding your tax obligations, keeping meticulous records, and leveraging available deductions and credits, you can navigate the complexities of self-employment taxes successfully. Whether you’re an artist, consultant, or freelancer, our expert team of professional accountants in Toronto is committed to ensuring your tax affairs are planned optimally and that your business and income streams are structured in a strategic and coordinated manner. Our goal is to take tax preparations and obligations off your plate so you can focus on building your business. Feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances and ensure you comply with CRA reporting and payroll deductions.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much money should I set aside for my taxes?

Typically, the rule of thumb is that you should set aside 25% of your income for taxes. If you are in a higher tax bracket or collect GST/HST, then you may want to set aside a bit more, closer to 35%.

What if I have cross-border clients?

Income generated from clients outside of Canada still needs to be reported to the CRA, but these clients do not need to be charged GST or HST. However, it is recommended that foreign income be separated in the event of an audit.

Should I do my taxes myself?

You should consider working with a tax professional or accountant if you are new to self-employment or have complex income and expenses. Tax professionals and accountants can help minimize your tax payable and maximize the benefits that you are entitled to. However, understanding the taxation system in Canada is a powerful tool, especially for a business owner or self-employed individual. If your income and expenses are quite simple, it might be worth your while to take a stab at filing your taxes on your own. As your business grows, your knowledge of taxes will grow, making you a stronger entrepreneur.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

Cross-border tax refers to the taxation considerations and implications that arise when individuals, businesses, or investments operate across national borders.

Cross-border tax planning is a specialized form of tax mitigation that helps individuals and businesses to minimize their exposure to double taxation. It involves navigating the complex web of tax laws and regulations across borders and addressing issues such as income reporting, deductions, credits, and compliance requirements.

Working with a cross-border tax accountant in Toronto will help ease your tax burden, avoid expensive mistakes, get credits and deductions that you qualify for, and get help and advice all year round. Hiring a qualified tax accountant will ensure you comply with your tax obligations. Below are the benefits of hiring a cross-border tax accountant in Toronto:

Maximize Your Cross Border Tax Savings

Hiring an international tax preparer is a great way to maximize your international tax savings. An international tax accountant will help you identify and reduce tax liabilities, reducing the amount of taxes you owe.

It can also create strategies to help you save money on taxes by optimizing deductions while keeping costs to a minimum. They can help you navigate the complexities of filing returns in multiple countries, helping you keep in compliance with different tax laws.

If you don't know where to start, click for international tax services here!

Avoid Costly Errors

There are extensive tax compliance and information reporting requirements specific to cross-border businesses in both Canada and the US.  Non-compliance or errors can lead to hefty monetary penalties.

A qualified cross-border tax accountant will be able to ensure that your tax compliance and international reporting forms both in the US and Canada are considered and filed on a timely basis so that you can avoid the significant costs of errors and non-compliance.

Take Advantage of Tax Planning Strategies

To ensure the maximum return, it is important to take advantage of tax strategies with the help of an experienced cross-border tax accountant in Toronto.

A cross-border tax accountant in Toronto will have a deep understanding of cross-border tax laws and also have expertise in how to navigate differences between countries to ensure that border-crossing tax compliance happens successfully and seamlessly.

A tax accountant can also steer businesses and individuals to make proper financial decisions in crucial areas. This may include estate planning, retirement planning, small business planning, and investment management. Canadians who own U.S. real estate may find this quite useful to help them avoid pitfalls associated with U.S. taxes when they sell off their property.

Your cross-border tax advisor can help you with important life events like the purchase of real estate, marriage, divorce, and the birth of a child. Most people diminish or forfeit their future earnings because they did not make smart moves at the right moment with the help of a qualified cross-border advisor.

Eases the Tax Burden

If you are trying to take on cross-border tax filing alone, it can be complicated, stressful, and time-consuming. Hiring a professional cross-border accountant in Toronto will eliminate unnecessary stress. An accountant will keep track of your tax return deadlines, taking on the bulk of this work so you don’t need to remember these details as your accountant will have this under control.  You will reduce the burden on yourself and ensure to focus on tasks that you are better at doing.

Better Financial Security

Every business owner wants to run business operations efficiently to maximize profits. Cross-border tax accountants in Toronto will help you do that by developing effective strategies for saving funds and enhancing profits through investments.

It is beneficial to take the advice and tips from experienced cross-border tax accountants in Toronto when creating a sound cross-border tax plan to help minimize your exposure to double taxation.

Additionally, it may be incredibly beneficial to hire a cross-border tax accountant in Toronto who can offer expertise in managing assets in both the U.S. and Canada for optimal benefits, especially since there will be situations where the Canadian and US laws could conflict or interact in unexpected ways.

Assistance and Advice All Year Round

When you work with a tax accountant in Toronto, they help you fix all technical and legal issues related to your finances before the tax year. This will ensure you do not face audits or penalties during the tax season.  You can approach them at any time of the year and not just during the tax season. They can answer crucial questions about your financial health and how it relates to taxes and will help in positioning you properly. This will ensure that you are not just a tax filer who only communicates with their tax accountant once every year to give them your reporting slips.

Hire A Cross-Border Tax Accountant Today

US – Canada tax accountants are rare, and firms have cross-border tax specialists are hard to find. Working with cross-border tax specialists is essential as you may reap numerous benefits from their services. These professionals will optimize your returns and ensure that you are tax-compliant in both countries. They also have training and experience to handle even the most sophisticated tax situations and will help protect clients against tax penalties. A good accounting firm in Toronto will offer consultation, preparation, and planning services for cross-border taxation.

Don’t let the complexities of cross-border taxes get in the way of your ambitions. Contact a professional cross-border tax accountant today to ensure the best possible outcome.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

In the latest budget, the federal government introduced a new savings vehicle for the purchase of a first home. Let’s find out the details of this new program.

What is it?

The Tax-Free First Home Savings Account (FHSA) is a new tax-sheltered account, similar to an RRSP and TFSA, that you can use to save for the purchase of your first home. 

Am I eligible?

You will be eligible if:

How much will I be allowed to contribute?

Your annual contribution limit is $8,000. Your lifetime limit is $40,000. You would be allowed to carry forward unused portions of your annual contribution limit up to a maximum of $8,000. The carry-forward amounts can be claimed on top of the $8,000 limit in a subsequent year. 

Do I get a tax deduction when I contribute?

Yes, just like RRSP contributions, contributions you make to the FHSA are tax deductible.

Are my gains sheltered within the account?

Yes, any gains earned within the FHSA are tax-sheltered.

What happens when I make withdrawals?

Amounts withdrawn from the FHSA are non-taxable as long as they’re used to buy your first home. Amounts withdrawn from this account for any other purpose would be taxable. 

You will only be able to make a withdrawal for a single property in your lifetime. Once you have made a qualifying withdrawal to buy your first home, you will be required to close the account. You also will not be able to open another FHSA. 

Can I transfer amounts from the FHSA account to an RRSP/TFSA account?

You’re allowed to transfer amounts within your FHSA to an RRSP account. This transfer would be tax-free, and will not reduce your RRSP deduction limit. Unfortunately, you cannot transfer to a TFSA account.

You can also transfer funds from an RRSP account to a FHSA account. These transfers are tax-free and subject to the contribution limits mentioned above. 

What happens if I don’t buy a home and I don’t transfer to an RRSP?

If you have not purchased your first home within 15 years of opening your FHSA account, you will be required to close your FHSA account and transfer the funds to an RRSP account.

Can I withdraw from my RRSP under the Home Buyer’s Plan and the FHSA account?

Yes, you can. Originally you were not able to, but the federal government amended this rule and now you can withdraw simultaneously from the FHSA and the  Home Buyers’ Plan as long as you meet the criteria.

Will I be able to claim the Home Buyer’s Amount when I withdraw from the FHSA?

Yes, as long as you meet the conditions of the Home Buyers’ Amount.

When can I open an account?

You will be able to create your account sometime in 2023. 


Filing Taxes concisely deals with several complex issues; it is recommended that accounting, legal, or other appropriate professional advice should be sought before acting upon any of the information contained therein. Our experienced and professional team at Filing Taxes is here to set you on the right path considering your personal business situation. Feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

Is There a Mistake in Your Taxes?

Maybe you missed a tax slip or a receipt when you filed your return. Or maybe CRA made a change to your return based on a misunderstanding. However it happens, you can discover that there’s a mistake on your taxes – an error in an income tax return that you already filed. Don’t think for a minute that’s got to be the end of it!

CRA Knows You’re Not Perfect

The pros at CRA know that most of the participants in the Canadian income tax system are just ordinary Canadians – tax amateurs. So it shouldn’t be surprising that they have a system in place for correcting mistakes in tax returns. To fix a mistake in your taxes you may send CRA a Request for Adjustment — their term for requesting a change to a return — or make your request in My Account via Change My Return.

CRA Doesn’t Always Get it Right

When CRA makes a change to a tax return that has been filed, they update their records and also send the taxpayer a Notice of Reassessment. (These changes are frequently the result of the CRA Matching process, where CRA compares your return to the information they have on file for you to look for discrepancies.)

If you have reviewed your Notice of Reassessment and believe CRA to have made an error, you can send a Request for Adjustment to ask for a correction.

How to Read a Notice of Reassessment

The Notice of Reassessment shows the key figures of the return as they were previously filed (e.g., when you first filed your return) side-by-side with the updated figures, taking into account CRA’s changes. Compare the two columns to see where the changes happen. Usually, a change closer to the top of the column has a knock-on effect on the figures below, ending with a change to your tax owing or refund.

Below the columns of figures, they include a paragraph explaining the specific changes they’ve made and why they believe these changes are correct. Review your Notice of Reassessment closely to understand what has happened and why.

Filing a Request for Adjustment

A Request for Adjustment can be filed on paper using the form T1-ADJ Adjustment Request or via Change My Return in My Account. Either way, you will need to show your changes line-by-line. Be prepared with your reasons for the correction and any supporting documents you might need to back it up. If you file the paper form, you can include your reasons on the form and enclose the supporting documents. If you use the online system, just have these ready in case CRA asks to see them.

You have ten years to go back to request a change or correction to a return. For example, if you want to change your 2023 income tax return, you have until December 31, 2033, to do it. Depending on CRA’s workload and the complexity of the change requested, it can take weeks or months for your request to be processed. Be patient!

Need help?

Filing Taxes can help you correct a return, whether it’s an honest mistake on your part or a misunderstanding on CRA’s part. With more than 11 years of experience helping Canadians file their taxes confidently and get the maximum money they deserve. If you are looking for an International Tax Accountant in Canada, then feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule your tax preparation appointment with us and take the first step towards proper management of your finances. Our professional personal tax accountants will make sure to get you the maximum tax refund on your personal tax return.


The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

Do you drive your personal vehicle for business purposes? You may be eligible for special allowances in your tax return! Automobile expenses continue to be an area of scrutiny for the taxman, so you shouldn’t be surprised if the Canada Revenue Agency inquires about how you may have claimed any vehicle expenses or employer’s travel allowances on your tax return.

 Do You Have to Pay Tax on Car Allowance You Receive from Your Employer? Not Necessarily!

 When Car Allowance Taxable in Canada

If you receive a fixed monthly car allowance to cover your work-related car costs, this is considered a benefit. Your car allowance will be taxed as part of your income.

If your employer pays out car allowance on a per-kilometer basis at a much higher or lower rate than the reasonable per-kilometer rate set by the CRA, your car allowance will also be taxed.

If the reimbursement you receive is not based on your actual business kilometers, but say on expenses, your reimbursement will be taxed.

When Car allowance is Not Taxable in Canada

If your employer reimburses you with the official CRA automobile allowance rate per km based on your actual business kilometers driven, your reimbursement will be tax-free.

How to Know If Your Reimbursement Was Taxed

If your payment summary from your employer shows your reimbursement as a benefit, then your reimbursement was taxed. If the payment summary doesn’t show any withheld tax on the car allowance, then your reimbursement is tax-free. The withheld tax from your reimbursement is income, pension, and insurance tax.

The general rule is that if you are an employee of an organization, and you use your car for work, then under certain conditions, you may be able to deduct some of your automobile expenses against employment income. The conditions that must be satisfied in this regard under the Income Tax Act are:

If all three of these criteria are met, an employee is permitted to deduct a portion of vehicle costs related to performing their work duties. These

tax deductibility of car expenses depends on the terms and conditions of the employment. The terms and conditions of employment concerning the use of the employee’s personal motor vehicle are confirmed by the employer on form  T2200. This form provides important information about the conditions of employment and confirms if all the above-noted conditions are satisfied. It should be noted that employees can deduct vehicle expenses only to the extent that such expenses weren’t recovered through receipt of allowances or reimbursements.

How to Report Car Allowances on Your Tax Return?

Employers and business owners can calculate automobile allowances in three different ways:

Whether using per-kilometer mileage rates or a combination allowance, employees must keep detailed records of all motor vehicle expenses incurred while conducting work-related activities to substantiate claims made when filing taxes or applying for employer reimbursements.


What is the CRA reasonable allowance for mileage rates for 2023/2024?

If you are catching up with mileage rates and reimbursements for 2023, the CRA rate for automobile allowances calculates 68¢ per kilometer for the first 5,000 kilometers driven and 62¢ per kilometer driven after that. With an additional 4¢ per kilometer if driving in the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut.

As of 2024, the CRA will give back 70¢ per kilometer for the first 5,000 kilometers driven and 64¢ per kilometer after that. If you drive in the Northwest Territories, Yukon, or Nunavut, CRA mileage rates are 74¢ per kilometer for the first 5,000 kilometers and 68¢ afterward.

You can check current and prior mileage rates on the CRA website.

Questions about which mileage rate to use and how to report it? Our team of accountants in Toronto can help you navigate the intricacies of car allowance tax implications and use them to set strategies for personal tax minimization. Feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances and ensure you comply with CRA reporting and payroll deductions.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

As a small business owner in Canada, it’s not uncommon for your day to go in various directions.  Once your business starts to gain momentum your company must find an effective way to manage its books.

From small startups to large corporations, businesses of all sizes are increasingly turning to outsourcing their bookkeeping functions. The decision to outsource bookkeeping services comes with a multitude of benefits that can positively impact a company’s financial operations.

Outsourcing bookkeeping services has become an increasingly popular choice for businesses, regardless of their size or industry. By partnering with a reliable bookkeeping service provider, companies can unlock a multitude of benefits that significantly impact their financial operations. In this article, we will delve into the compelling reasons why businesses should consider outsourcing their bookkeeping functions.

The benefits of outsourcing bookkeeping are numerous—and you won’t miss a thing, either. You may even discover new, previously untapped resources at your disposal.

1. Streamlining And Managing Finances 

The first step on the road to business expansion is making sure the road itself is smooth and solid enough to walk on by ensuring your current financial processes and books are streamlined and updated. Having a professional bookkeeper on board makes these processes efficient and easy. The outsourced bookkeeper can collate and analyze your business data to create comprehensive monthly or quarterly financial reports. Having such detailed reports helps make informed business decisions. They also come in handy when approaching potential clients or investors for business.

2. Save Time

It’s no secret that logging, analyzing, and reconciling payments and other financial records takes time out of your day. One of the benefits of a virtual bookkeeper is that you can buy your time back—at a much lower cost than your lost opportunities, too.

By outsourcing this tedious, time-consuming task, you can attend to the things that require your attention. You’ll have more free time to improve customer service, evaluate processes, and overall, improve operations.

Focused Staff – external bookkeepers can provide more focused work because they aren’t distracted by the day-to-day activity in your business.

The role of an outsourced bookkeeper is to focus on your business and only your business for a specific amount of time each month to meet your reporting deadlines and expectations around the budget for services.

3. Cost Efficient

Outsourcing bookkeeping services can significantly reduce costs for businesses. When you outsource, you eliminate the need to hire and train full-time in-house bookkeepers, which can be expensive and time-consuming. You also save on overhead costs, such as office space, equipment, and software licenses. Outsourced bookkeeping services in Toronto often operate on a more flexible fee structure, allowing you to pay for the services you need when you need them, making it a cost-efficient option.

4. Expertise and Accuracy

Professional bookkeeping firms specialize in financial record-keeping and have a team of experts with a deep understanding of accounting principles and Canadian tax regulations. Professional bookkeeping firms specialize in financial record-keeping and have a team of experts with a deep understanding of accounting principles and tax regulations.

5. Planning and Strategizing

Professional bookkeeping services in Toronto give your business access to expert guidance. Apart from generating real-time financial insights that provide clarity on the current financial situation of your business, these experts can also identify key performance indicators and growth opportunities. Based on the data collected and armed with the latest technology, they can also help predict future sales or trends. They can guide you on how to make optimal use of the resources at your disposal. In-depth knowledge regarding business and tax regulations in other states or countries makes such outsourced bookkeepers and accountants a valuable addition to your team.

6. Enhanced Security

Professional bookkeeping firms prioritize data security and confidentiality. They implement robust security measures and use encrypted systems to protect your financial information. This level of security can be challenging and costly to replicate in-house, making outsourcing a more secure option.

7. Access to Advanced Technology

Outsourced bookkeeping services in Toronto often have access to the latest accounting software and technology. This ensures that your financial records are kept up-to-date and that you benefit from the efficiency and accuracy offered by modern accounting tools.

8. Helps in Tax Seasons

Why make tax season stressful when it can be simple? Among the many other benefits of outsourcing bookkeeping, simplified tax preparation, and full compliance will take unnecessary stress off your shoulders.

Instead of scrambling to get your numbers in order, outsourcing bookkeepers will help you prepare for tax season as time goes by. Once the time comes, they’ll be able to help you file immediately, while taking advantage of potential tax deductions.

9. Scalability and Flexibility

Businesses experience fluctuations in their financial activity throughout the year. Outsourced bookkeeping services can be tailored to your specific needs and scaled up or down as required. This flexibility allows you to adapt quickly to changes in your business, whether it’s during busy seasons or periods of economic uncertainty.

Get Industry-Leading Bookkeeping Services in Toronto & Never Lift a Finger

Outsourcing a bookkeeping service can make a difference in how efficiently your small business can grow. At Filing Taxes, we’re invested in helping your business grow. We offer all the benefits of outsourcing bookkeeping, and take care of the entire process for you!

Get started saving time and money in your business by signing up now! Talk to a professional bookkeeper to outsource your bookkeeping so that you can save time and focus on your business.

Feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

Were you surprised by your tax bill this year? Small business owners in Canada, especially new ones, are often caught off guard by what they owe. Here’s how small business owners in Canada avoid a big tax bill by using strategies each month to get ready for April.

They take advantage of the extension

Although the filing deadline for most businesses and individuals is April 30, qualifying self-employed businesses can file by the 15th of June. Be very aware, however, that interest on what you owe is still assessed and charged by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) from April 30. This extension can come in handy if you are waiting on payment from a large project.

They pay installments

Depending on how profitable your business is, you may be required by CRA to make installment payments. You can make these voluntarily, though, if you want to get a head start on your tax bill. Installment payments are due on the 15th of March, June, September, and December. If you are required to pay installments, CRA will issue you a letter letting you know how much is due by each deadline. At tax time, your installments are deducted from the amount owing.

They pay monthly

An easy way to avoid a big tax bill in April is to call up your bank and have CRA set up as a bill payment. Then, each month, simply send CRA some money. It will be applied to your CRA account and deducted from what you owe in April. Estimate how much tax you will owe and split the amount across 12 months to ensure you stay on top of the payments. You can use CRA’s online payroll deduction calculator to help you estimate your tax bill based on monthly earnings.

They save up

A high-interest savings account is a great way to save for that tax bill in April, and also earn a bit of interest on the money you are saving. It takes some discipline to save a large sum of money and not dip into it during months when expenses are high and sales are slow, but it’s well worth it to avoid a big tax bill in April.

They hire an accounting service

Accounting firms are experts in helping small business owners avoid a big tax bill in April. Not only do accounting firms help small business owners get ready for tax season all year long, but they also ensure the business’ paperwork and finances are always in order. Accounting firms point out where money can be better allocated and advise on when installments are due, what deductions the company qualifies for, and more. Hiring an expert accountant in Toronto allows the small business owner to relax and concentrate on running the business, knowing that the more “taxing” aspects of the financials are in good hands.

Don’t forget to pay on time!

Now that you know how small business owners avoid a big tax bill in April, don’t forget to pay your taxes on time. Failure to do so results in quickly escalating fees and penalties.

Final Words

Filing Taxes concisely deals with several complex issues; it is recommended that accounting, legal, or other appropriate professional advice should be sought before acting upon any of the information contained therein. 

Our experienced and professional accountants in Toronto at Filing Taxes are here to set you on the right path considering your personal business situation. Feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

Cryptocurrencies are all the rage these days and they’re quickly becoming a popular investment in Canada. It is extremely important to keep track of all cryptocurrency trades to remain onside with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA).

The CRA views cryptocurrency as a commodity for tax purposes, therefore, cryptocurrency trading may result in tax implications to be reported on the tax return. The CRA assigns the responsibility of tracking and reporting this income solely to the taxpayer.

Handling cryptocurrency taxes in Canada can feel like a fast-paced game on the ice, just like a hockey player navigating a puck through defenders. Our Canada Crypto Tax Guide covers everything you need to know including crypto capital gains, crypto income, how to calculate your crypto taxes, and how to report your crypto to the CRA, ahead of the April 30 tax deadline - let's go!

Is Crypto Taxable in Canada?

Yes. The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) is clear that crypto is subject to tax. The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) treats cryptocurrency as property, gains from which are taxed either as business income or capital gains under income tax rates.

Transacting in crypto can face either capital gains tax, typically applicable to occasional investors, or business income tax, for those conducting crypto business activities. Each of these categories has distinct tax rates and reporting stipulations, making differentiation vital.

Common Transactions that Result in Tax Consequences:

The above is not an exhaustive list, however, if you have completed any type of transaction above, it is highly likely you have triggered a taxable event that must be reported on your tax return.

This is further supported when we consider how volatile cryptocurrency can be and how fast values change after purchase. Depending on your situation the taxable event will be treated as a capital gain/loss or business income/loss.

Tax consequences will occur for transactions where your cost base of the cryptocurrency is greater than or less than the disposition value.

How is Cryptocurrency Taxed in Canada?

Cryptocurrency isn't seen as a fiat currency in Canada. Instead, it's viewed as a commodity, which is a capital property - like a stock or a rental property. This means it's either subject to Income Tax or Capital Gains Tax.

  1. Income tax: Earning cryptocurrency is subject to income tax. Examples include earning staking income, receiving crypto as compensation for your work, and earning income from an NFT that you created. You will pay your usual federal or provincial tax rate. If you’re categorized as a trader by the CRA, all your profits from cryptocurrency will be considered income.
  2. Capital gains tax: Typically, cryptocurrency dispositions are subject to capital gains tax. This includes selling or gifting your cryptocurrency, trading it for another cryptocurrency, or using your crypto to make a purchase. For capital gains, you will pay tax on half of any crypto gain.

How to Know Whether Your Crypto Will be Taxed as Income or a Capital Gain? 

It all comes down to whether your investment is seen as business income or a capital gain. Let's break it down.

The CRA states that they decide on whether you have business income or capital gains on a case-by-case basis. They also state that an individual transaction may be considered business income, while other transactions by the same investor may be considered a capital gain. All this to say, it's not too clear what precisely the CRA considers business income.

They do have some guidance on this. The CRA states the following are common signs that you may have business income or capital gain.

The more active you are in crypto trading and the more profit you make increases the likelihood of your crypto profits being considered business income as opposed to capital gains. You should speak to an experienced crypto tax accountant in Toronto for bespoke advice on your investments and their subsequent taxation, but we can look at the general rules on how business income and capital gains from crypto are taxed in Canada.

Business Income Tax

Crypto transactions that are conducted as part of a business or professional activity are subject to business income tax. In such cases, the entire profit generated is considered taxable income. Business income tax rates may differ from the capital gains tax rates.

What Falls Under Business Activities?

To determine whether crypto transactions constitute a business activity, the CRA considers factors such as:

Sometimes, an individual transaction may be considered business income, while other transactions by the same investor may be considered a capital gain. There are many crypto transactions that could be considered income by the CRA - including disposing of your crypto if you're trading regularly and at scale. One of the simplest ways to think about it is anytime you're seen to be 'earning' crypto - this could be seen as business income and subject to Income Tax instead.

Examples of crypto transactions that could be considered business income include:

Remember if you're selling and swapping crypto at scale - like a day trader - then your profits could be considered business income, not capital gains. The CRA is pretty behind the curve when it comes to the tax treatment of crypto in Canada, but we can safely assume that based on their business income guidance, most DeFi transactions would be considered business income as you're conducting transactions for a commercial reason. Examples of DeFi transactions that would be viewed as income and subject to Income Tax include:

There are also many play-to-earn platforms and other similar engage-to-earn platforms that have sprung up in the crypto space in recent years. The rewards you receive from these could also be considered business income and subject to Income Tax. Examples include:

As we said above, the CRA hasn't released specific guidance on most crypto transactions beyond basic dispositions just yet. However, as their guidance for what is considered business income includes conducting activities for commercial reasons - it is quite likely all DeFi transactions would be considered business income and subject to Income Tax. Of course, it is advisable to speak to an experienced tax accountant in Toronto for your crypto investments.

Tax Implications for Professional Traders

Professional or day traders in crypto are subject to business income tax. In this scenario, 100% of the profits from cryptocurrency trading are taxed as business income based on their fair market value at the time of receipt.

Reporting and Compliance

Business crypto transactions that are subject to income tax should be reported with Form T2125.

Crypto Capital Gains Tax in Canada

You'll have a crypto capital gain or loss any time you sell, swap, spend, or gift your crypto - so you need to know how to calculate crypto gains.

A capital gain or loss is the difference in value from when you bought or otherwise acquired your crypto to when you disposed of it by selling it, swapping it, spending it, or gifting it. If you've made a profit from the difference in value - you'll have a capital gain. If you've made a loss from the difference in value - you'll have a capital loss.

Because cryptocurrency is viewed as a capital asset, when you dispose of it by selling it, swapping it, spending it, or gifting it - you'll owe Capital Gains Tax on any profit you make. Crypto transactions which are considered a disposition in Canada include:

To calculate capital gains, the following key components must be considered:

Taxable Portion of Capital Gains

If your crypto is taxed as a capital gain, you'll only pay Capital Gains Tax on half of any profits of a crypto transaction. In Canada, only 50% of the capital gains are taxable. This means that if an individual realizes a capital gain of $10,000 from a crypto transaction, they will include only $5,000 (50% of the gain) in their taxable income for the year.

Marginal Tax Rate

The taxable portion of capital gains is added to an individual's total income for the tax year. The applicable marginal tax rate is then applied to this combined income to determine the actual tax owed. Canada employs a progressive tax system, meaning that the rate at which capital gains are taxed depends on an individual's total income.

Reporting and Compliance

Individuals must report their capital gains from crypto transactions on their annual income tax return. Schedule 3 - Capital Gains is used to calculate and report these gains. Accurate record-keeping is vital, as the CRA may request supporting documentation in case of an audit. Details such as transaction dates, amounts, and counterparties should be meticulously recorded.

Cryptocurrency Tax Breaks in Canada

You can use the following tax breaks to further minimize your crypto tax liability.

Crypto capital losses

You won't pay any Capital Gains Tax on any capital losses from crypto. But don't just write these off as a bad time - utilize them to reduce your tax bill.

You can offset your capital losses against your capital gains for the tax year to reduce your overall tax bill.

The 50% rule for capital gains equally applies to your capital losses. This means you can only offset half your net capital loss in a given tax year. If you've done this and you still have more losses, you may carry this figure forward to future financial years to offset future gains. Similarly, if you have no capital gains in a year, you can carry forward half your capital losses to offset against future gains.

If you wish to carry your current year’s net capital losses into a prior tax year, you can use Form T1A - Request for Loss Carryback.

If you wish to carry over a previous year’s net capital loss into the current year, you can claim it on line 25300 of your tax return.

Tax on Lost or Stolen Crypto

The CRA has not released specific guidance stating whether you can claim lost or stolen crypto as a capital loss.

However, they do allow taxpayers to deduct capital losses due to the theft of other capital property.  As crypto is considered to be capital property under Canadian law - you may be able to claim a capital loss for stolen crypto.

Is Any Crypto Tax-Free in Canada?

Some specific crypto transactions are tax-free in Canada. Crypto transactions that trigger no taxable event in Canada:

When is the Deadline for Reporting Crypto Taxes in Canada?

In Canada, the tax year runs from January 1 to December 31. You should report all of the taxable transactions during the year on your tax return.

Typically, the deadline for reporting your taxes to the CRA is April 30 after the end of the tax year. You don't have to leave it until the last minute, taxpayers can begin submitting tax returns from the end of February.

Similarly, your payment will be considered made on time if it is received by the CRA, or processed at a Canadian financial institution, on or before April 30, 2024.

If you're self-employed you have until the 15th of June 2024, but it's important to note that the payment deadline is still the 30 April.

How to file crypto taxes with CRA paper forms

Filing by post? Experienced tax accountants in Toronto can still help you file your crypto taxes. Just follow these steps.

Crypto Compliance and Record-Keeping records will the CRA want?

Compliance with crypto tax regulations is critical to avoid potential penalties and audits by the CRA. To ensure compliance, individuals should:

What Happens if You Don’t Report Crypto Tax?

The CRA doesn’t take to tax evasion or fraud kindly. Not reporting or under-reporting your crypto gains and income you can face heavy fines and imprisonment.

Canada Crypto Tax Filing Forms for 2024

Here’s a look at common crypto tax filing forms in Canada for 2024.

What to do if Haven’t Reported Crypto Taxes in Previous Years? 

If you haven’t reported your cryptocurrency gains and income in previous tax years, you can apply for a correction through the Voluntary Disclosures program.

If your application is approved, you will be required to pay taxes plus interest. However, you will receive prosecution relief, and potentially penalty relief and partial interest relief.

How We Can Help with Your Crypto Taxes in Canada

If you need assistance to calculate your Canada crypto tax, look no further than Filing Taxes. We are a full-service crypto tax accounting firm in Toronto.

We take the challenges out of your crypto tax Canada filing and guarantee both accuracy and thoroughness. And if you have questions or doubts about your crypto tax in Canada, our experts will be glad to assist.

With our team of expert accountants in Toronto reporting your Canada crypto taxes has never been easier.

Feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

One of the early signs of spring in Canada is tax season! And you’ve got to get ready to file your taxes in Canada for the first time. There are so many pieces to keep track of: "What form am I supposed to fill out? What if I worked in multiple jobs? If I make a mistake, will the government come after me?"

As a newcomer, filing your income tax return for the first time in Canada may be intimidating. You're not alone if you feel this way. Many people dread "tax season."

If you are a newcomer to Canada and you are filing your income taxes for the first time, these tips can help you understand the Canadian filing process.


Your first time filing a tax return: Getting Ready

The first few steps for everyone, whether it’s your first time filing a tax return or not, will involve gathering paperwork and information. You may already have some of the required documentation on hand, but there will be some you’ll have to ask others to help you locate.

Thorough preparation is the key to making this process run smoothly.

Step 1: Determine your status- Are you a resident of Canada?

If you're a resident of Canada for income tax purposes, you'll need to file tax returns for any tax year in which you have to pay taxes.

Federal and provincial personal income tax returns in Canada are administrated by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). If you are a resident of Quebec, you need to file a separate provincial personal tax return.

You become a resident of Canada for income tax purposes when you establish significant residential ties in Canada. These include you have:

According to the CRA, you usually establish residential ties on the date you arrive in Canada.

Step 2: Do you have to file a tax return?

You may have to file a personal income tax return even if you've only been in Canada for part of the year.

According to the Canada Revenue Agency, everyone in Canada should file their taxes, even if they haven’t made any income, so they can get benefits and credits they might be eligible to receive.

File a return if you:


Step 3: Gather your tax information

Here's what you'll need to file your tax return. First, you’ll need to provide basic information, such as your name and address. Among others, you will also need the following information.

A SIN is a nine-digit number that's used to access government programs and benefits. Your SIN is not the same as a temporary tax number (TTN) or an individual tax number (ITN).


If you are employed in Canada at any time during the tax year, your employer will issue you a T4 slip. This slip outlines your total remuneration and deductions for the year (such as EI, CPP, and income tax withheld). If you have investment income, you may receive a T5 slip and or a T3 slip.


If you are self-employed, you will need to keep business receipts and invoices to accurately report your income and claim deductions. It is important to keep these receipts in case CRA has any follow-up questions.


These are receipts for childcare expenses incurred to have someone look after an eligible child so that you can work or study.


If you have dependents, such as a spouse, children, or elderly parents, you'll need to provide information details about them in your tax return. You may be eligible for certain tax credits.



What forms do you need?

There are several different types of forms you will need to show your income earned during the year. This table is an overview of these forms and what they’re used for.

Form Purpose/description
T3 * Shows the income earned from a trust
* Only applies to those who have trust income in the prior year
T4 * Shows your employment income
* Should be provided by your employer around the end of February
* Employer also sends a copy to CRA
T5 * Shows your investment income for the year
T2202A * Shows tuition information
* Only applicable to students

Along with the above forms, you’ll need to provide all documentation of any small business income earned, including copies of invoices. You’ll also have to provide details of the costs related to the small business (receipts for the entire year) and any calculations you’ve made (i.e. business use of your home).

Step 4: Figure out the deadline

Unless you're self-employed, you must file your tax return for any tax year by April 30 of the following year. If April 30 falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or holiday that year, returns will be considered filed on time if the CRA receives them or they are postmarked on the first business day following April 30. This means for the 2023 personal tax return, you need to file your return on or before May 1, 2024.

If you're self-employed, the due date for your personal return is June 15 of the following year. But if you owe any taxes for the tax year, that amount must be paid by April 30.

After these dates, the CRA begins calculating interest on any amounts owing, so it’s important to file your taxes on time to avoid any interest penalties (which are non-deductible on future tax returns).

If your taxes are straightforward (say you have some employment income, a few deductions, and RRSP contributions), you should look at filing your return in February or March. You could even get away with April.

But as a general rule of thumb, you should aim to give yourself some time before the deadline, just in case you need to call CRA with questions about your tax return. Since CRA is extremely busy during tax season, you may not get through to them right away.

The best source of information for CRA tax filing deadlines is the CRA website, especially if you’re looking for due dates and payment dates.

Step 5: Choose what method you’ll use

There are three primary ways that Canadians choose to file their income tax returns.

First time filing a tax return: Filling out the forms

Once the initial steps are complete, the next phase of the plan for your first time filing a tax return involves sitting down and entering your information onto the required forms.

Step 6: Fill out your personal information

Step 7: Report your income

Step 8: Claim your deductions, credits, and expenses

Step 9: Double-check all information


Finish your first time filing a tax return and look at what comes next

The hard part is done! The last few steps required for your first time filing a tax return are just sealing the deal.

Step 10: File your tax return

The very last step that requires actual effort on your part is to officially file your tax return. There are three different ways to file your return:

If you need help completing and filing your return, meet with a tax professional at Filing Taxes. We take the time to listen and strategically analyze your complete financial picture to deliver tax planning that fits your life today and tomorrow. Our team will work with you to help you understand the solutions available to you and chart the best path forward.

To learn more feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances.

Frequently Asked Questions:

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Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

In the quest for financial diversification, franchises are becoming an increasingly popular path.

What it means to open a franchise in Canada

Franchises are a popular business option among entrepreneurs in Canada. A franchise business is one where an organization (a franchiser) licenses its registered brand and trademark to someone else (a franchisee), allowing it to operate as an extension of an existing business. The franchiser typically charges the franchisee royalties or fees for the use of their brand and sets strict standards of operation.

Opening a franchise business in Canada is an ambitious venture that can be daunting for those who choose to embark on it. It can be an exciting and fulfilling experience, but it also comes with its own set of challenges. From finding the right franchise to understanding the legalities involved, it’s essential to approach the process with caution and due diligence. But fear not! In this article, we’ll explore everything you need to know about Buying a franchise in Canada, from the initial research stage to the post-investment support you can expect.

Step 1: Identify Franchise Business Investment Opportunities in Canada

Investing in a franchise business begins with looking for potential opportunities. When researching franchise opportunities, and further exploring buying a franchise in Canada it’s essential to use various resources to get a complete picture of each opportunity. These opportunities can be sought through valuable resources such as

Several organizations in Canada provide these details such as Canadian Franchise Association.

Step 2: Choosing the right franchise.

The second step in buying a franchise in Canada is to find the right one for you. This requires considering several factors, such as:

Step 3: Secure Financing Your Franchise

Once you’ve found a franchise you want to invest in, the next step is securing financing.

There are several financing options available to franchisees in Canada, including:

Step 4: Apply for a Franchise

Once you’ve chosen a franchise to buy, you’ll need to apply for the license. The brand you’re buying into will review your application and determine if you’re the right fit to get a license to sell its products or services. They will look at:

To support your application, it would also be helpful to set up a discovery meeting or attend an information session hosted by the brand you are aiming to buy a franchise from. This allows you to learn more about the business model and franchise options and regulations before investing.

Step 5: Complete Due Diligence

Once you have identified a franchise opportunity and secured financing, it is important to complete due diligence. This includes reviewing the franchisor’s financial statements, conducting a site visit, and speaking with current and former franchisees.

Step 6: Evaluating the Franchise Agreement

Once you’ve completed the due diligence, the next step is to evaluate the franchise agreement. When buying a franchise in Canada this is one of the most important steps!

This legal document outlines the terms and conditions of your relationship with the franchisor, including the initial investment, ongoing fees, and your rights and responsibilities as a franchisee.

It’s essential to thoroughly review the agreement and seek legal advice before signing.

Step 7: Comply with Legal Regulatory Requirements

Before finalizing the purchase of a franchise, it is important to comply with legal and regulatory requirements. Seek some legal experts help to navigate the legal and regulatory requirements of buying a franchise in Canada and ensure that you comply with all laws and regulations. The local and national laws of Canada require two main legal documents for you to buy a franchise.

  1. The disclosure document (the FDD) gives prospective franchisees information about the franchisor, the franchise system, and,
  2. The agreements they will need to sign so that they can make an informed decision.

Six provinces (British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island) have franchise legislation in place. The legislation adopts the following five principles:

Step 8: Collaborate with an Expert Accountant

Hiring a financial expert can assist you in buying your franchise in many ways. Buying a franchise is not easy and takes a lot of time, money, organization, and research. Delegating certain tasks to a virtual assistant that are too time-consuming for you, may free up your schedule to focus on those that matter. Above all, an accountant will be able to aid you with the development of a financial model that ensures you have optimal cash flow projections and an excellent royalty structure in place. Here's where an accounting firm in Toronto becomes critical. An accountant can help you crunch the numbers to ensure the projected revenues entail a profit for your franchisees and a royalty for you.


Buying a franchise in Canada can be a great way to start your own business, but it’s essential to approach the process with caution and due diligence.

By understanding the franchise model, choosing the right franchise, working with an exceptional franchise lawyer, financing your investment, and taking advantage of post-investment support from a professional accountant, you can make the most of your franchise investment and succeed in your franchise business.

Filing Taxes concisely deals with several complex issues of buying a franchise in Canada; it is recommended that accounting, legal, or other appropriate professional advice should be sought before acting upon any of the information contained therein.

Our experienced and professional team at Filing Taxes is here to set you on the right path considering your personal business situation. Feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

With the Canadian tax season 2024 just around the corner, many individuals are beginning to stress about filing mistakes and missed deadlines. By getting your personal tax return prep work done early, however, you can alleviate concerns around potential Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) fines.

The main objective of income tax planning for individuals as well as families is to plan one’s finances in the most tax-optimized manner. Tax planning allows the taxpayer to use various tax exemptions, deductions, and benefits to minimize their tax liability. Thus it is a cumulative result of various income tax planning techniques. We understand that the process of submitting taxes to the Canadian Revenue Agency (CRA) can be time-consuming, which is why we suggest you opt for top-notch personal tax services.  In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the world of personal taxes and reveal the keys to mastering this financial realm.

Cultivate Financial Self-Awareness

Understanding taxes is an important part of managing your money, both now and in the future. The first step to cultivating financial mindfulness and self-awareness is understanding your own financial situation. This means taking time to look at your income, expenses, and debt so that during tax time, you know precisely where you stand. By understanding your financial situation now, you can plan for the future.

Be organised

OK, it might seem really obvious, but it needs to be said. Be organized and don’t leave it to the last minute to gather all the relevant documents and records. Good record-keeping ensures that you have all the necessary documentation at your fingertips when it’s time to file your taxes.

Be Prepared

Successful tax management doesn’t just happen during the filing season; it’s a year-round endeavor. Tax planning is the secret to ensuring you’re making the most of your financial situation.  Take time to review your tax situation regularly. By taking control of your tax situation and understanding the various tax laws, regulations, and filing deadlines that apply to you, you can maximize your tax benefits and reduce your tax burden.

Don’t Procrastinate 

Resist the temptation to put off dealing with your taxes until the very last minute. For many people, tax season is a time of stress and anxiety. The thought of dealing with paperwork and complex financial calculations can be overwhelming. However, procrastinating when it comes to tax preparation and filing taxes can only make the process more difficult. The sooner you get started, the more time you’ll have to gather the necessary documents and file your return. In addition, filing early can help you avoid penalties and interest charges, and can receive your refund sooner. So if you’re feeling overwhelmed by tax season, remember that it’s important to get started as soon as possible. By taking care of your taxes sooner rather than later, you can help reduce stress and ensure a smoother tax season.

Leveraging Personal Tax Services

While it's possible to file your taxes on your own, many individuals choose to hire a professional to handle their taxes for them. Personal tax services, provided by tax professionals or certified public accountants, offer a personalized and comprehensive approach to tax preparation.  A tax professional can offer guidance on deductions, help ensure you avoid any penalties, and potentially save you money in the long run. Additionally, if you have a more complex tax situation (such as receiving income from multiple sources), a tax professional may be a worthwhile investment to avoid costly mistakes.


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Conquer Tax Season with Confidence

Regardless of how complex your financial situation might be, Filing Taxes takes pride in making personal tax planning seem simple. We take the time to listen and strategically analyze your complete financial picture to deliver tax planning that fits your life today and tomorrow. Our team will work with you to help you understand the solutions available to you and chart the best path forward.

To learn more feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

Running a small business in Canada comes with many rewards, but it also means dealing with the complexities of the Canadian tax system. Navigating the intricacies of the Canadian tax code, coupled with the responsibility of managing a business, can create stress and uncertainty. However, with careful planning and strategic insights, maneuvering through the Canadian tax landscape becomes a more manageable task.

In this blog post, we’ll explore crucial tax tips to help small business owners in Canada overcome tax challenges and ensure a seamless filing process.

1. Stay on top of your organized and accurate record-keeping

Speaking of clean data, tax season will be much easier to navigate if you have accurate reports. Implementing a consistent and accurate record-keeping system is an essential practice to adopt for your small business. Make it a resolution to keep your financial records, from your business receipts to your employees’ payment records, organized and in check all year around. Implement a robust bookkeeping system to track income, expenses, and receipts systematically. Cloud-based accounting software can streamline this process, providing real-time insights into your financial standing. Regularly, take the time to review your small business accounting processes and determine how you can continually refine the income tax process to make it as smooth and efficient as possible.

If you lack the time to manage your books, outsourcing your bookkeeping function is another great way to stay organized.

2.Understand Business Tax Credits and Deductions

There are a lot of tax credits, deductions, and benefits available to small business owners but, unfortunately, not everyone is aware of them and sometimes they get missed.

Before filing your taxes (and even earlier so you can ensure you have the right documentation) research the available tax credits and deductions or reach out to a tax planning professional to find out what you should be claiming.

Canadian small businesses in various sectors are entitled to a wide range of provincial and federal tax deductions and credits such as eligible business expenses, capital cost allowance, and scientific research and experimental development (SR&ED) tax incentives. So it’s worth checking to see if your business is eligible for any of these credits and deductions to maximize tax savings.

3.Separate Personal and Business Finances

It would be helpful if you separated personal expenses from business expenses right from the start to avoid unnecessary complications. One way you can achieve this is by getting a separate bank card for your business and personal expenses. Who doesn’t want a stress-free living, right?

Mixing up your personal and business expenses will result in a chaotic mess that might cost you a few extra bucks to tidy up later. Should expense fall under a grey area, like your home office, or an issue with the bathroom, be sure to note how it’s entered into the records.

4. Stick to the Deadlines

In business, some deadlines are more important than others. While some must be adhered to strictly, others have some wiggle room. Taxes, of course, are ones with no wiggle room at all. Missed payments and deadlines can lead to fees, fines, and interest, creating a big and expensive headache for your small business.

Tax season is a stressful time for many small business owners. But it doesn’t have to be. By getting your financial ducks in a row before tax time rolls around, you’ll meet (or beat) deadlines.

Rather than letting time slip away from you, get started as soon as possible and keep your eye on the calendar.

5. Stay organized throughout the year

Tax often feels like your own personal Everest, but it doesn’t have to be. Most people dread doing their taxes. They leave it until the last minute and then rush to get all of the proper papers in order by the deadline. It wouldn't be such a chore if they just planned ahead and took better care of their documents.

Tax planning should be done early in the year before filing a return. It involves looking at how to best structure investments, income sources, deductions, and other aspects of your finances to reduce the amount of tax due each year.

When the new year rolls around, there is one thing you can count on the upcoming income tax season. If you haven’t prepared beforehand, you might find yourself owing income tax and then scrambling to make the payment.

By implementing smart year-end tax planning strategies for your small business, you can ensure you keep more of your hard-earned money while complying with Canadian tax laws.

6. Hire A Professional Before Tax Season 

Owning a business can be a lot of work. You’re a wearer of many hats.

And because you’re so busy focusing on marketing, scheduling, and getting the day-to-day business done, sometimes you drop the ball on other areas … for most businesses, this tends to be bookkeeping and tax planning.

This is usually because they aren’t of immediate concern. It is easy to say “I will get to it another day, but first I have to _____.” However proper bookkeeping and planning are critical to optimizing your bottom line.

Accountants and professional tax planners have the expertise to help you quickly identify areas of most importance for your unique situation.

They will be able to find tax savings opportunities, help you keep your records organized, and ensure you have everything you need to avoid any future issues.

While you can wait until tax season to find a professional, by then you may have missed opportunities to put more money back into your business. The sooner you connect, the better prepared you will be.

Discover more strategies for small businesses

Filing Taxes professional accountants can help with small business tax planning and come up with strategies to reduce your tax obligations.

They can also suggest strategies that will help improve the day-to-day running of your business, grow your business, attract the best employees, and maximize your profits. They can also help you ensure your business and personal financial plans are synchronized and optimized. business taxes. However, that’s just the tip of the iceberg of what they can do for you.

To learn more feel free to reach out to Filing Taxes at 416-479-8532. Schedule an NTR engagement appointment with us and take the first step toward proper management of your finances.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended to provide general information. The information does not consider your personal situation and is not intended to be used without consultation from accounting and financial professionals. Salman Rundhawa and Filing Taxes will not be held liable for any problems that arise from the usage of the information provided on this page.

When an employee in Ontario receives their paycheck, there are certain mandatory deductions that come off the top before the net pay is calculated. These deductions include federal tax, provincial tax, Canada Pension Plan (CPP) contributions, and Employment Insurance (EI) premiums. The amount of tax deducted from each paycheck is determined by an employee's salary, how frequently they are paid, their tax credits and deductions, and the federal and provincial tax rates and brackets. Employers use tax tables provided by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) each year to calculate how much tax to withhold from employees' pay.Below is an overview of how tax deductions are calculated on paychecks in Ontario and the mandatory contributions that impact an employee's net pay.

Calculating Income Tax Deductions

Both the federal and Ontario provincial governments levy personal income taxes based on an employee's annual taxable income. Tax deductions withheld from each paycheck are based on estimates of what an employee will owe in taxes for the whole year.Canada has a graduated income tax system with different tax brackets based on income ranges. As taxable income increases, it is taxed at higher rates. Both the federal and Ontario tax systems work this way. Here are the 2024 federal and Ontario personal income tax bracket thresholds:

2024 Federal Tax Brackets and Rates

2024 Ontario Tax Brackets and Rates

To estimate an employee's annual tax liability, their taxable income is applied to the federal and provincial tax rates in the brackets it falls under. The amounts owed under each bracket are added together to determine the total tax owed. The number of pay periods in the year (typically 26 for biweekly pay or 52 for weekly pay) then divides this annual tax amount evenly. The prorated tax amount comes off the employee's gross pay each pay period.

The Canada Revenue Agency provides federal and Ontario tax deduction tables to help employers calculate income tax withholdings for different incomes and pay frequencies.The tax deduction tables factor in tax brackets, some common tax credits, and applicable surtaxes. However, the amount withheld is still an estimate, and employees must file an annual tax return to determine their final tax liability based on their actual annual income and deductions and receive any refund or pay any balance owing.

Canada Pension Plan (CPP)

The Canada Pension Plan (CPP) is a contributory pension plan that provides retirement, disability, survivor, and death benefits to Canadian workers and their families.Both employees and employers must contribute to CPP. For 2024, the contribution rate is 5.95% each for employees and employers on pensionable earnings.The maximum pensionable earnings amount for 2024 is $66,600. The basic exemption is $3,500. No CPP contributions are required on the first $3,500 of earnings. CPP contributions are calculated as follows:

(Annual Earnings minus $3,500 Basic Exemption) x 5.95%

The maximum employee contribution for 2024 is $4,068.30. Employers match the CPP contributions dollar for dollar.CPP contributions are deducted from each paycheck until the maximum annual contribution is reached. CPP deductions then stop until the following year.

Employment Insurance (EI) Premiums

Employment Insurance (EI) provides temporary financial assistance to eligible Canadian workers who have lost their job through no fault of their own. Employers and employees both contribute to the program's funding by paying EI premiums. Employees will pay premiums equal to 1.63% of their insurable earnings in 2024. Employers contribute 1.4 times the employee rate, or 2.284% of insurable earnings.The maximum annual insurable earnings amount is $60,300 for 2024. Once an employee reaches the maximum for the year, EI premium deductions stop until the next year.The maximum annual EI premium in 2024 is $986.40 for employees and $1,381 for employers.

Other Payroll Deductions

In addition to statutory deductions like income tax, CPP contributions, and EI premiums that must come off employees’ pay, other common payroll deductions include:

Any additional voluntary or involuntary deductions beyond the statutory contributions should be clearly noted on the employee’s pay statement.

Steps for Calculating Deductions in Ontario

When processing payroll, employers in Ontario must follow these general steps to calculate deductions for each employee:

  1. Determine gross pay: Add up all taxable income paid to the employee for the pay period, including regular wages, overtime, bonuses, vacation pay, taxable benefits, etc.
  2. Calculate CPP contributions: multiply gross pay minus $3,500 exemption by the 5.95% CPP rate. Stop deducting CPP when the maximum for the year is reached.
  3. Calculate EI premiums: multiply gross insurable earnings by 1.63%. Stop deducting EI premiums when the maximum for the year is reached.
  4. Determine taxable income: Subtract any non-taxable income or tax-exempt benefits or allowances from gross pay to determine taxable income.
  5. Calculate income tax: Look up the federal and provincial tax amounts to withhold based on pay period taxable income and the TD1 amounts using the tax deduction tables.
  6. Make any additional deductions. Deduct any other regular payroll deductions (e.g., pension plan contributions, union dues, health premiums, charitable donations, etc.).
  7. Calculate net pay: Subtract total deductions, including income tax, CPP, EI, and any additional deductions, from gross pay to determine the final net pay amount.

Impact of Tax Deductions on Take-Home Pay

The combined effect of federal tax, provincial tax, CPP contributions, EI premiums, and any additional payroll deductions can significantly reduce an employee’s take-home pay versus their gross earnings.For example, an employee earning $60,000 per year paid biweekly would have the following approximate payroll deductions per pay period:

That results in $955 per pay period in just basic statutory payroll deductions. Any additional deductions for things like health insurance premiums, pension contributions, or union dues further eat into net take-home pay. Tax deductions consume an even greater percentage of employees' gross pay in higher income tax brackets. It is important for employees to understand how Canada’s tax system works and plan their personal finances accordingly based on their after-tax income.


Determining payroll deductions in Ontario involves calculating federal tax, provincial tax, CPP contributions, and EI premiums based on an employee’s taxable income and deducting these amounts from gross pay for each pay period.Employers must follow Canada Revenue Agency guidelines and use the provided tax deduction tables to accurately calculate income tax withholdings. CPP and EI also have annual maximum contribution amounts that impact how much is deducted from employees’ paychecks.While mandatory deductions reduce employees’ net take-home pay versus gross earnings, these contributions fund important social programs and benefits. Employees should understand how tax deductions are calculated in Ontario and budget based on their after-tax income.

A $90,000 annual salary in Ontario translates to a good middle-class lifestyle. However, to determine if this income level allows you to live comfortably, we need to consider the key details:

Tax Rates

Based on the 2023 tax rates in Ontario, an annual income of $90,000 would have the following tax obligations:

This results in total tax deductions of $23,536.

The marginal tax rate on the last dollar earned at a $90,000 income level is 31.16%. This includes the federal rate of 20.5% and provincial rate of 10.98% (which includes the Ontario surtax).

Take-Home Pay

After deducting the above tax amounts, the annual take-home or net pay at $90,000 yearly income is $66,464.

This works out to $5,539 per month.


The major deductions from a $90,000 gross salary are:

These account for about 26% of the gross income.

Additional deductions like group benefits would further reduce the net take-home amount.

Comparison to Other Provinces

Compared to other provinces, Ontario has a middle-of-the-road tax burden on a $90,000 income. Provinces like Alberta, Saskatchewan and New Brunswick have lower total tax, while others like Nova Scotia and Newfoundland have higher taxes.

For example, the after-tax income would be $67,706 in British Columbia and $64,707 in Saskatchewan.

Is $90,000 a Good Salary?

In general, an income of $90,000 places a single individual in the top 10-15% of income earners in Ontario. The median household income in the province is around $76,000.

So relatively speaking, this qualifies as a high and comfortable salary.

However, to determine if $90,000 allows you to live well in Ontario, we need to look at the cost of living, especially housing.

Housing Costs

Housing costs can take up a significant part of the budget, especially in cities like Toronto and Ottawa.

Renting a 1-bedroom apartment in downtown Toronto averages around $2,300 per month. For a $90,000 income earner, this works out to about 41% of the monthly take-home pay.

In Ottawa, rents average $1,800 for a 1-bedroom. This accounts for 32% of the take-home amount - on the higher side, but more reasonable.

Outside of the big cities, housing costs drop significantly. For example, average rent for a 1-bedroom unit in St. Catharines is $1,300 or just 23% of the take-home.

Disposable Income

After accounting for basic living costs like housing, food and transportation in Toronto, a single person would have about $1,500 - $2,000 left as disposable income from the take-home $90,000 salary.

This allows for some savings, leisure activities and vacations on a monthly basis.

Someone living in Ottawa or other smaller centers would have $2,000 - $2,500 in disposable income after essential living expenses.

Lifestyle and Savings Potential

A $90,000 salary allows for a comfortable, middle-class lifestyle in Ontario. While those living in Toronto may face more constraints, it is still considered a good income even with the high costs.

At this earnings level, potential savings can range from $15,000 - $25,000 annually across the province. This means financial goals like building an emergency fund, retirement investments, paying off debts and saving towards major purchases are achievable.

Certain trade-offs regarding housing space and expensive hobbies may need to be made depending on individual lifestyle preferences. However, a $90,000 income allows you to meet daily needs, have a decent amount of recreation and entertainment, take 1-2 annual vacations, and make solid long term savings.


While Ontario's high costs of living, especially housing, present challenges - an annual income of $90,000 provides the ability to live comfortably in most areas of the province.

The key is budgeting properly for needs vs wants, and making smart savings and investment choices. But overall, this salary level positions you well to have a great quality of life in Ontario.

A critical process in financial reporting and cash management is the bank reconciliation. This is a comparison between a company's reported cash balance and the corresponding amount per bank records. The purpose of regularly reconciling cash accounts is to ensure transactional accuracy, uncover discrepancies, record adjustments, and prevent fraud.

By clearly defining bank reconciliation objectives and procedures, companies can effectively manage cash, reduce errors, monitor financial reporting integrity, and support internal controls. I will outlines the definition and purpose of bank reconciliations, walks through the reconciliation preparation process, and provides examples of associated journal entries for cash adjustment transactions.

Understanding the fundamentals of bank reconciliation facilitates accurate financial recordkeeping and decision making based on reliable cash account reporting.

Define the Purpose of a Bank Reconciliation

A bank reconciliation is a process used to compare a company's cash balance in its accounting records to the corresponding cash balance reported by the bank. The purpose of a bank reconciliation is to:

By reconciling cash balances, companies can ensure their accounting records accurately reflect cash transactions and balances. This helps inform business decisions, meet tax obligations, prevent overdrafts, and monitor cash flow. Frequent bank reconciliations also limit opportunities for fraud by uncovering discrepancies quickly.

Prepare a Bank Reconciliation

The key steps to prepare a basic bank reconciliation are:

  1. Obtain bank statement and compare ending balance to accounting records
  2. List outstanding checks - deduct from bank statement balance
  3. List deposits in transit - add to bank statement balance
  4. List bank charges, fees, interest - adjust bank statement balance
  5. Adjust for any other reconciling items
  6. Adjust accounting cash records accordingly
  7. Ensure adjusted balances equal

Below is an example bank reconciliation for Company X:

Description Amount
Bank statement ending balance $10,000
Add: Deposits in transit +$1,000
Less: Outstanding checks -$500
Bank service fees -$50
Adjusted bank balance $10,450
Accounting cash balance $10,450

Journal Entries for Bank Reconciliation Adjustments

For any reconciling items that require an adjustment to the accounting cash balance, journal entries are required. Common examples include:

Below is an example journal entry for the bank fees from the earlier reconciliation:

Account Debit Credit
Bank Service Fees $50
Cash $50

By defining the purpose of bank reconciliations, understanding the reconciliation process, and properly recording adjustments through journal entries, companies can ensure their cash is accurately stated. This supports financial reporting, cash management, and business decisions

9 Common Errors That Can Occur During Bank Reconciliation

  1. Missing or duplicate transactions in the accounting records or bank statement. This is one of the most common errors and leads to unreconciled differences in balances.
  2. Incorrect posting of transactions, such as posting a withdrawal as a deposit or vice versa. This can happen due to data entry errors or lack of review.
  3. Timing differences for deposits in transit or outstanding checks due to delays in checks clearing the bank or deposits being recorded.
  4. Mathematical or casting errors in totaling the cash book or bank statement balances. This usually happens when performing manual calculations.
  5. Posting errors due to transposition or inversion of numbers, like entering $1,290 instead of $1,209. Careless manual entries often cause this.
  6. Unauthorized transactions like fraudulent checks or transfers, or bank errors like incorrect fees. These would show only on the bank statement initially.
  7. Failure to account for items like bank fees and interest which get reflected only in bank statements.
  8. Using incorrect or outdated foreign currency exchange rates leading to discrepancies.
  9. Inaccurate opening balances carried forward from prior reconciliations.

To prevent errors, automated reconciliation through accounting software is recommended. Frequent reconciliations also help detect and resolve discrepancies early. Reviewing reconciliation reports and all reconciliation adjustments is also important.


In summary, a bank reconciliation is a critical process to:

Completing timely bank reconciliations and associated journal entries maintains the accuracy of financial statements and cash balances. This gives stakeholders confidence in the reported balances while supporting internal financial decisions and controls.

Current liabilities are financial obligations of a business that are due within one year or within a normal operating cycle. Identifying, recording, and properly disclosing current liabilities is an important aspect of financial accounting in Canada. I will provide an overview of key principles and concepts related to current liabilities under Canadian generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).

Types of Current Liabilities

There are several common types of current liabilities that businesses incur:

Accounts Payable

Accounts payable refers to amounts owed by a company to its suppliers and vendors for goods or services purchased on credit. This is typically one of the largest current liability accounts. Accounts payable is considered a known current liability, as the amounts owed and payment due dates are determinable.

Accrued Liabilities

Accrued liabilities represent expenses that have been incurred but not yet paid as of the balance sheet date. Common examples include accrued wages, accrued interest, and accrued taxes. Accrued liabilities are also considered known current liabilities.

Unearned Revenue

Unearned revenue, also called deferred revenue, refers to amounts collected in advance for products or services that have not yet been delivered or performed. This creates an obligation to provide the good or service in the future.

Notes Payable

Notes payable are written promissory notes with terms of repayment of less than one year. This includes short-term bank loans and lines of credit.

Current Portion of Long-Term Debt

The current portion of long-term debt refers to the portion of any long-term borrowing that is due within the next 12 months. This must be classified as a current liability.

Examples of Current Liabilities

Some common examples of accounts and transactions that would be classified as current liabilities include:

Accounting Principles for Current Liabilities

Under Canadian GAAP, there are several key principles that guide the accounting treatment and disclosure of current liabilities:


Current liabilities must be properly distinguished from long-term liabilities on the balance sheet. This helps provide useful information to financial statement users regarding liquidity and solvency.


Most current liabilities are measured at net realizable value, which is the amount of cash or cash equivalents expected to be paid to liquidate the liability.


The notes to the financial statements should provide relevant details about current liabilities, including a breakdown of major types, terms, interest rates, collateral, and other pertinent information.


A current liability is recognized on the balance sheet when it represents a present obligation caused by a past transaction, and settlement is probable to result in an outflow of resources.

By properly identifying, measuring, and disclosing current liabilities according to these principles, a company can provide accurate and decision-useful financial reporting to stakeholders.


In summary, current liabilities represent short-term financial obligations due within one year that are an important component of financial reporting. Common types of current liabilities include accounts payable, accrued expenses, unearned revenue, and notes payable. When recording current liabilities under Canadian GAAP, key principles related to classification, measurement, disclosure, and revenue recognition must be followed to ensure accurate and relevant accounting treatment. Properly identifying and managing current liabilities is vital for effective business financial management and communicating performance to stakeholders.

A $100,000 salary may sound like a lot, but after deducting taxes, deductions, and living costs in Ontario, the take-home amount will be considerably less. This article will analyze the key components that determine your net income from a $100k salary, including:

Tax Rates in Ontario

The tax rates in Ontario for 2023 on a $100,000 annual salary are:

This means on your $100k salary, you will pay $31,660 in federal and provincial income taxes, leaving you with $68,340 after taxes.

In addition to income taxes, you also have to pay payroll deductions for CPP (Canada Pension Plan) and EI (Employment Insurance), which add up to around $4,500.

So your total tax bill is $36,160, leaving you with $63,840 in your pocket from your $100k gross pay.

Monthly Take-Home Pay

Your average monthly take-home pay after deducting $36,160 in total taxes and deductions would be $5,320.

This is the amount you would have available every month to pay for living expenses like housing, transportation, food, entertainment, etc.

Cost of Living in Ontario

The average cost of living for a single person in Ontario is estimated to be around $3,800 per month. This includes costs for:

So your $5,320 monthly net income from your $100k salary would be sufficient to cover average costs for a relatively comfortable lifestyle.

You may also be paying several hundred dollars in debt repayment costs per month depending on your situation. But you would still have over $1,500 left for savings and investments.

Comparison to Other Provinces

Ontario has one of the highest total tax rates in Canada, second only to Nova Scotia. Provinces like Alberta and Quebec have significantly lower taxes, so your take-home pay from a $100k salary would be higher there.

For example, in Alberta your average total tax rate would be around 26% compared to almost 32% in Ontario. So on a $100k salary, you would take home around $11,000 more annually if you lived in Alberta instead of Ontario.

Is $100k a Good Salary in Ontario?

In general, a $100,000 salary is considered a very good income in Ontario. As per Statistics Canada, the median pre-tax household income in Ontario is only around $76,000.

So earning a six figure income puts you in the top 30% income bracket in the province. You have considerably more purchasing power and savings capacity compared to average households.

That said, given the high cost of housing in cities like Toronto, a $100k salary does not go as far today as it did 5 or 10 years ago. But you would still be able to afford a comfortable middle-class lifestyle, especially if you live outside the Greater Toronto Area.


A $100,000 annual salary leaves you with an average monthly take-home pay of $5,320 after taxes and deductions in Ontario. This is a sufficient amount to cover living costs for an above average quality of life.

Your net income would be higher in provinces like Alberta or Quebec due to lower total tax rates. And while $100k is considered a very good salary, rising housing prices do take a toll on actual purchasing power and savings capacity compared to past years.

An annual salary of $40,000 in Ontario translates to a good middle-income salary that affords a decent standard of living in most areas across the province. With the average individual income in Ontario at around $52,000 per year, a salary of $40,000 puts an individual slightly below the middle of the income distribution.

While not an exceptionally high salary, $40,000 per year goes reasonably far if budgets are managed properly. This article will analyze the key details around a $40,000 annual salary in Ontario, including:

Tax Rates and Take-Home Pay

The first thing to examine is the after-tax income or take-home pay from a $40,000 salary in Ontario. An individual with this gross income would face the following tax rates in 2024[9]:

After accounting for federal and provincial taxes as well as CPP contributions and EI premiums, the total deductions on a $40,000 salary in Ontario come out to $7,716. This includes:

The resulting net take-home pay after these deductions is $32,284 annually or $2,690 per month. This represents an average tax rate of 19.3% on the original $40,000 gross salary.


The main deductions that reduce gross pay to arrive at take-home income include income taxes (federal and provincial), CPP contributions, and EI premiums as shown above.

A portion of gross income goes toward funding important social programs through these deductions. CPP contributions fund the Canada Pension Plan which provides retirement, disability, and survivor benefits. EI premiums fund the Employment Insurance program, providing temporary financial assistance to unemployed individuals while they search for work.

Income taxes fund a wide array of public services including healthcare, education, infrastructure, and more at both federal and provincial levels. So while no one likes paying taxes, these deductions serve important economic and social purposes for Canadian residents.

Comparison to Other Provinces

Comparing Ontario’s taxation on a $40,000 salary to other provinces reveals some variation across Canada:

Province Average Tax Rate at $40,000
Alberta 11.95%
British Columbia 16.89%
Manitoba 14.84%
New Brunswick 17.39%
Newfoundland 18.00%
Nova Scotia 19.84%
Ontario 19.29%
Prince Edward Island 20.05%
Quebec 21.70%
Saskatchewan 14.65%


Ontario falls around the middle with an average 19.29% total tax rate on a $40,000 salary. Lower rates are seen out west in Alberta and Saskatchewan, while higher rates occur in the Atlantic provinces. Quebec has the highest rate at 21.70% on this income level.

So an equivalent gross salary of $40,000 would result in roughly $700 to $1,500 more take-home pay per year in provinces like Alberta and Saskatchewan compared to Ontario. However, taxation is only one factor in comparing provinces - cost of living also plays a major role.

Is $40,000 a Good Salary in Ontario?

Whether $40,000 represents a "good" salary ultimately depends on individual circumstances and the local cost of living. Some key considerations:


Salary norms vary significantly across occupations and sectors. $40,000 would be at the lower end for jobs like engineering, accounting, software development, etc. But it aligns more closely with average incomes for roles in retail, food service, administrative assistance, etc.


There are major cost of living differences between Toronto, Ottawa, rural towns, and Northern communities in Ontario. $40,000 goes further outside of major urban centers.

Household Size

A single individual or dual-income couple without kids may live comfortably on $40,000. But supporting a family with children would involve more financial strain.

Experience Level

Early career salaries tend to start lower and progress with experience. $40,000 is a decent starting point straight out of school for many white-collar roles.


The value of non-salary benefits like health/dental insurance, retirement matching, paid time off also impacts total compensation.

Considering these factors - $40,000 can provide a decent living in Ontario depending on one's exact situation. While not a high flyer salary, it meets or exceeds household income for many Ontario residents particularly in certain industries and regions.

Budgeting and Managing Finances at $40,000

Budgeting effectively and managing finances well becomes important at a $40,000 income level in Ontario:


Housing costs are often the largest monthly expense. Individuals earning $40,000 can afford more reasonable accommodations by:

Aim for housing costs below 30% of take-home income. At $40,000 that means roughly $800 to $900 per month.


Owning a car may be difficult unless purchased used or financed over longer terms. Public transit like GO trains outside Toronto or an occasional rental can help manage transportation costs.


Grocery shopping carefully by price matching, buying generic brands, purchasing in bulk, avoiding pre-packaged and prepared meals, and minimizing food waste. Also limit eating out.


Cut back on unnecessary expenses - nights out, travel, subscriptions, memberships, etc. Stick to free or lower cost recreational activities. Develop less expensive hobbies.


Avoid racking up substantial credit card, loan or financing debt that becomes difficult to pay off. Prioritize paying off high-interest debts first.


Save a portion of each paycheck - build a 3-6 month emergency fund, contribute to an RRSP and/or TFSA, and save toward other goals.

Following these budgeting principles allows an individual to not just get by but also find opportunities to invest and get ahead while earning $40,000 annually in Ontario.


While not an exceptionally high income, a $40,000 annual salary in Ontario provides a decent standard of living for many depending on specific circumstances. After tax deductions, expected take-home pay would be approximately $32,300. Taxation rates in Ontario fall around the middle compared to other Canadian provinces. Individuals can live affordably at this income level by budgeting carefully, spending conscientiously, minimizing debt, and saving money each month. With prudent financial habits, a gross salary of $40,000 goes reasonably far in most Ontario regions outside of Toronto.

Companies in Canada use the margin of safety and operating leverage as two crucial financial metrics to evaluate profitability and risk.

Margin of Safety

The margin of safety measures the buffer between a company's actual or budgeted sales revenue and its breakeven point. It shows how much sales can fall before losses are incurred. The margin of safety is calculated as:

Margin of Safety = (Actual or Budgeted Sales - Breakeven Sales) / Actual or Budgeted Sales

For example, if a company has actual sales of $500,000 and its breakeven point is $400,000, its margin of safety would be:

Margin of Safety = ($500,000 - $400,000) / $500,000 = 20%

This means the company's sales can decline by 20% before reaching the breakeven point where no profit is made. A higher margin of safety percentage indicates lower risk and greater ability to withstand downturns.

The margin of safety can also be expressed in dollar terms:

Margin of Safety ($) = Actual or Budgeted Sales - Breakeven Sales

For the example above, the margin of safety in dollars would be $500,000 - $400,000 = $100,000.

Having a high margin of safety protects companies during times of economic uncertainty or changes in the competitive landscape. For example, if a new competitor enters the market, the company has more room for sales declines before incurring losses.

The margin of safety depends heavily on the accuracy of sales forecasts and cost estimations. If these figures are overly optimistic, the true margin of safety will be lower than calculated. Companies should routinely reevaluate assumptions and update projections.

Operating Leverage

While margin of safety measures downside risk, operating leverage measures upside potential. Operating leverage demonstrates how much a company can increase operating income by growing sales. It is calculated as:

Operating Leverage = % Change in Operating Income / % Change in Sales

For example, if a 10% increase in sales leads to a 30% rise in operating income, the operating leverage would be 30% / 10% = 3. This means a 1% bump in sales yields a 3% increase in operating income.

A higher operating leverage ratio indicates fixed costs make up a large share of expenses. Since fixed costs remain constant as production increases, extra sales revenue trickles straight through to operating profits once fixed costs are covered.

Conversely, a lower operating leverage ratio signals a high proportion of variable product costs that rise alongside production volumes. In this case, operating income does not spike as sharply with sales growth.

While tempting, chasing high operating leverage through minimising variable costs and outsourcing can be risky. A supply chain disruption or sudden rise in expenses may swiftly eliminate profits since fixed costs remain rigid. Firms should weigh upside potential against stability.

Interpreting Margin of Safety and Operating Leverage

Analyzing margin of safety and operating leverage together paints a fuller picture of a company's financial health.

For example, a company with high operating leverage but a slim margin of safety likely has high risk. Profits could grow exponentially if sales targets are met, but even a small revenue shortfall could sink earnings.

Conversely, a thick margin of safety cushions against volatility in firms with high operating leverage. Companies can afford sales missteps and still deliver profit growth as volumes improve.

When both ratios are low, firms face limited downside but also modest upside if sales stagnate. Boosting operating leverage often requires upfront fixed cost investments companies may avoid if the margin of safety seems inadequate.

In Canada, fluctuating commodity prices can quickly alter the outlook for natural resource firms in sectors like mining and oil and gas. Tracking margin of safety and operating leverage metrics helps managers adapt operations as conditions change.

Margin of Safety and Operating Leverage Examples

Below are examples demonstrating how two fictitious Canadian companies could use margin of safety and operating leverage metrics to guide decisions:

  1. High Tech Manufacturers Inc.

High Tech Manufacturers Inc. is a consumer electronics company based in Ontario. The firm earns a 25% gross margin on sales of tablets and e-readers.

Last year's sales were $5 million with fixed operating costs of $1 million. Variable product and labor costs amounted to $3.75 million. Operating income was $1.25 million.

Margin of Safety

Actual Sales: $5,000,000
Breakeven Sales: $4,000,000 Margin of Safety = ($5,000,000 - $4,000,000) / $5,000,000 = 20%

The 20% margin of safety indicates High Tech can endure a moderate sales decline before losses occur.

Operating Leverage

A 10% rise in sales from $5 million to $5.5 million would lift operating income by 30% from $1.25 million to $1.625 million.

Operating Leverage = 30% / 10% = 3

The operating leverage of 3 signifies strong upside if High Tech grows tablet and e-reader volumes. But the medium 20% margin of safety also provides a buffer if sales stall.

  1. Northern Energy Partners

Northern Energy Partners operates oil and gas wells in Alberta.

Last year's sales were $20 million, with fixed operating costs of $5 million. Variable lifting and transportation expenses totalled $8 million. Operating income was $7 million.

Margin of Safety

Actual Sales: $20,000,000 Breakeven Sales: $13,000,000
Margin of Safety = ($20,000,000 - $13,000,000) / $20,000,000 = 35%

The 35% margin of safety means Northern Energy can endure over a third of revenue evaporating before hitting breakeven. This cushion is vital given oil's price volatility.

Operating Leverage

If a 15% rise in oil output drove a 25% sales increase from $20 million to $25 million, operating income would jump 55% from $7 million to $10.85 million.

Operating Leverage = 55% / 25% = 2.2

The operating leverage of 2.2 indicates Northern Energy can rapidly expand profits as more wells come online. But oil production spikes require heavy upfront drilling costs, making the wide 35% margin of safety advisable.


The margin of safety and operating leverage offer vital insights into corporate risk and earnings growth potential. Assessing the ratios together provides a balanced perspective on profit drivers and stability. Routine monitoring of these metrics allows executives to adjust operations based on changing internal capabilities and external market forces.

Tax Rates on $130,000 in Ontario

The tax rates on $130,000 of income in Ontario consist of federal and provincial income taxes, as well as Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and Employment Insurance (EI) premiums.

Federal Tax Rates

The federal tax rates for 2023 applied to a taxable income of $130,000 are:

This results in federal income taxes owing of $24,995 on a taxable income of $130,000.

Ontario Provincial Tax Rates

The Ontario provincial tax rates for 2023 applied to a taxable income of $130,000 are:

This results in Ontario provincial income taxes owing of $17,378 on a taxable income of $130,000.

Combined Federal and Provincial Marginal Tax Rate

When you combine the top federal marginal tax rate of 26% and the top Ontario provincial marginal tax rate of 13.16%, the top combined marginal tax rate on income over $220,000 is 39.16%.

This means that for every additional $1 earned above $220,000, $0.3916 goes to income taxes.

On the $130,000 amount, the combined federal and Ontario average tax rate is 27.36%.

CPP and EI Premiums

In addition to federal and provincial income taxes, CPP and EI premiums are deducted from the $130,000 amount:

So in total $3,500 + $953 = $4,453 is deducted for these mandatory contributions.

Take-Home Pay on $130,000

Given the above tax rates and deductions, the total income taxes and contributions owing on $130,000 of income are:

The total deductions are $24,995 + $17,378 + $3,500 + $953 = $46,826

Therefore, the take-home pay or after-tax income on $130,000 is:

$130,000 - $46,826 = $83,174

This works out to a monthly take-home pay of $83,174 / 12 = $6,931.

Deductions on $130,000

The main deductions taken from the $130,000 yearly salary are:

These mandatory deductions total $46,826 annually.

Additional deductions can be taken if the individual makes certain choices like contributing to an RRSP or union dues. However, the amounts above represent the basic deductions from a $130,000 salary.

Comparison to Other Provinces

Compared to other provinces, Ontario has a middle-of-the-pack tax rate on a $130,000 income. Provinces like Alberta, British Columbia and Saskatchewan have lower overall tax rates compared to Ontario.

For example, the after-tax income on $130,000 in the province of Alberta is approximately $91,000 which is higher than Ontario's after-tax amount of $83,174.

On the other hand, provinces like Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island have higher overall tax rates on $130,000 at around $81,000 after-tax, lower than Ontario.

So Ontario finds itself in the middle - not the highest taxes but also not the lowest. It ranks somewhere between 5th and 8th in terms of lowest taxes across the 10 provinces, depending on family type and exact deductions.

Is $130,000 a Good Salary in Ontario?

Yes, $130,000 represents a well above average salary compared to typical incomes in Ontario.

The median household income in Ontario is approximately $76,000. So a single income of $130,000 is very strong relative to the provincial median.

Even after the various taxes and deductions, the take-home pay of over $83,000 would provide a comfortable lifestyle in most areas of Ontario.

While $130,000 does not make someone rich in the province, it places them well within the top 10-20% of individual income earners in Ontario. It is a objectively a good salary that affords financial flexibility compared to median salaries.

Some high cost-of-living cities like Toronto or Ottawa would erode some of that flexibility on a $130,000 income. But overall, it remains an above-average salary for the province.


In summary, $130,000 per year pre-tax in the province of Ontario is subject to the following taxes and rates:

This results in after-tax take-home pay of approximately $83,174, or $6,931 per month.

While not an exorbitant high income amount, $130,000 represents a well above-average salary compared to median incomes in the province. It affords financial flexibility and a comfortable lifestyle for individuals and families in Ontario.

Tax Rates

An individual earning $68,000 per year in Ontario would fall into the 29.65% marginal tax bracket for 2024. This means federal and provincial income taxes are calculated as follows:

The combined federal and Ontario marginal tax rate at $68,000 of taxable income is therefore 29.65% (20.5% federal plus 9.15% Ontario).

Take-Home Pay

After federal and provincial taxes as well as Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and Employment Insurance (EI) premium deductions, the take-home pay on a gross salary of $68,000 per year in Ontario is approximately $51,180 annually or $4,265 monthly.

This is calculated from the income tax calculator as follows:

So the average tax rate is approximately 24.6% of gross income, with net monthly take-home earnings of $4,265.


The main tax deductions and credits that would apply to a $68,000 salary in Ontario could potentially include:

The amount of applicable deductions and credits would depend on the individual's personal situation. An accountant or tax preparation software should be used to accurately calculate total deductions and optimize tax savings.

Comparison to Other Provinces

Compared to other provinces, Ontario has higher overall taxes on a $68,000 salary than Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and British Columbia. But taxes are lower than in the Atlantic provinces and Quebec.

For example, based on 2024 tax rates:

So Ontario offers reasonable taxes and take-home pay relative to the rest of Canada, higher than western provinces but lower than eastern provinces.

Is $68,000 a Good Salary?

For a single individual with no children in Ontario, $68,000 represents a relatively good salary, providing an upper-middle income lifestyle. However, to determine if it is "good" depends greatly on individual circumstances.

Some key considerations on whether $68,000 constitutes a good salary in Ontario:

In summary, while $68,000 represents an enviable salary compared to average incomes in Ontario, it ultimately provides an upper-middle class lifestyle in most cities if you are single, or a comfortable middle-class lifestyle with a family, depending on debt levels and expenses. It exceeds median incomes meaning better off than over 50% of households. Within Toronto it affords reasonable comfort and options but not an affluent lifestyle.

Tax Rates on $110k in Ontario

An individual earning $110,000 annually in Ontario would fall into the 43.41% marginal tax bracket for 2023. This means every additional dollar earned above $110,000 is taxed at 43.41% [1].

The breakdown of taxes on $110,000 in Ontario is:

Therefore, the after tax take home pay on $110,000 in Ontario is $78,663 annually, or $6,555 per month. The average tax rate comes out to 28.5% of total income.

Take Home Pay

After deducting $31,337 in total taxes, the take home pay on $110,000 in Ontario works out to $78,663 annually. This equals $6,555 per month or $1,514 per week.

This after tax income would provide a comfortable standard of living for an individual or couple without children. However, supporting additional dependents could make it more challenging depending on spending habits and debt levels.


The major deductions that reduce taxable income for an employee earning $110,000 in Ontario include:

RRSP contributions can lower taxable income substantially. For 2023, up to 18% of the previous years earned income can be contributed, up to an annual maximum of $29,210. This would reduce taxable income on $110,000 by $19,800.

Other common deductions like medical expenses, property taxes, child fitness credits, and tuition credits can also be claimed. These credits directly reduce taxes payable instead of taxable income.

Comparison to Other Provinces

Compared to other provinces, Ontario has higher personal income tax rates, especially at higher income levels above $100,000. For example, Alberta only has a 15% provincial tax rate on all income levels and no high income surtaxes.

This means take home pay on $110,000 in Alberta would be approximately $6,295 per month after tax, compared to $6,555 per month in Ontario. Overall taxes are lower in Alberta by about $3,000 annually on the same gross income.

Most other provinces have more progressive tax systems than Alberta with higher rates on upper income brackets. But Ontario stands out with a top marginal rate of 53.53% for incomes over $220,000.

Is $110k a Good Salary?

An individual income of $110,000 would be considered an above average salary in Ontario and nationally across Canada. The median household income in Ontario is approximately $76,000 based on 2021 census data.

So an income 42% higher than the provincial median would provide a comfortable standard of living for an individual or couple without children.

However, for larger households with multiple dependents, $110,000 may still feel tight in expensive cities like Toronto or Ottawa. Much depends on housing costs, debt levels, lifestyle expectations and saving/spending habits.

While not enough to be considered wealthy, $110,000 provides over $75,000 in after tax income to live on. This would afford a decent quality of life in most Ontario cities.

Making $200k After Tax in Ontario: A Comprehensive Guide

Earning a $200,000 annual salary puts you in an elite group of top income earners in Ontario. But after federal and provincial taxes, how much of that income do you actually take home? And what is the lifestyle impact of making $200k in Ontario compared to other provinces? This comprehensive guide examines all aspects of making $200k after tax in Ontario.

Tax Rates and Take Home Pay

Based on 2023 tax rates, an Ontario resident earning $200,000 per year has a total tax bill of $75,485, comprised of:

This results in an average tax rate of 37.7% and a marginal tax rate of 52.5%.

After paying taxes, the take home or net pay is $124,515 annually, or $10,376 per month.

So while $200k sounds like a very high salary, after accounting for taxes the net monthly income is just over $10k. This is an important realization when budgeting and assessing lifestyle affordability on such an income.

Deductions and Tax Credits

The tax calculation above accounts for basic personal deductions like the basic personal amount. However, eligible deductions and tax credits can further reduce the tax bill and increase net income.

Some common deductions and credits for high income earners include:

Maximizing these deductions each year will lower the effective tax rate and increase overall cash flow.

Comparison to Other Provinces

Ontario has one of the highest marginal and average tax rates in Canada. By comparison, Alberta only has a 48% marginal rate on $200k of income, and an average rate of 31.7%.

This means an Ontario resident pays $9,968 more in total taxes on a $200k salary than if they lived in Alberta. The after tax income in Alberta would be $134,483 annually, or $11,207 monthly.

So while Ontario salaries may be higher relative to other provinces, the tax difference erodes some of that advantage, especially for higher income levels.

Is $200k a Good Salary in Ontario?

Given high costs of living, especially housing, $200k is considered a very good professional salary in Ontario. However, it does not confer as high a standard of living as may be perceived or expected.

After taxes and basic living expenses, a single person may find it challenging to save and invest substantially on this income. Home ownership within Toronto may still be difficult depending on other factors like existing equity and debt.

However, $200k certainly provides a comfortable lifestyle in Ontario. And for a dual income household, it opens up more options to save, invest, and afford major purchases like a home.

So in summary, while $200k is a well above average salary, taxes and expenses eat away at a significant portion of it. But it still affords a comfortable lifestyle, especially for a dual income family. Maximizing tax deductions and credits can further improve cash flow. And the take home value of $200k in Ontario trails some other Canadian provinces by up to $10k annually.


A $200,000 annual salary certainly puts you well into the top tier of income earners in Ontario. But after paying $75,485 in total taxes, the net take home pay is $124,515 annually or $10,376 monthly. Relative to lower cost provinces like Alberta, higher Ontario taxes reduce the advantage of a high salary. And while quite comfortable, $200k does not necessarily confer lavish wealth in high cost regions like Toronto. As such, maximizing tax deductions, smart budgeting, and savvy investing becomes critical for leveraging a high income.

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